fleur-de-lis

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fleur-de-lis
sterling silver brooch by Francisco Rebajes
(1905?-1990)

fleur-de-lis

or fleur-de-lys  (flûr′də-lē′, flo͝or′-)
n. pl. fleurs-de-lis or fleurs-de-lys (flûr′də-lēz′, flo͝or′-)
1. An iris.
2.
a. Heraldry A device consisting of a stylized three-petaled iris flower, used as the armorial emblem of the kings of France.
b. A similar design used as a decorative motif.

[Middle English flour de lice, from Old French flor de lis : flor, flower + de, of + lis, lily.]

fleur-de-lis

or fleur-de-lys

(ˌflɜr dlˈi, -dlˈis, ˌflʊər-)

n., pl. fleurs-de-lis or fleurs-de-lys (-dlˈiz)
1. a stylized representation of an iris with three petals tied by a band, used ornamentally.
2. the iris flower or plant.
[1300–50; Middle English flourdelis < Anglo-French flour de lis literally, lily flower]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fleur-de-lis - plants with sword-shaped leaves and erect stalks bearing bright-colored flowers composed of three petals and three drooping sepalsfleur-de-lis - plants with sword-shaped leaves and erect stalks bearing bright-colored flowers composed of three petals and three drooping sepals
iridaceous plant - any bulbous plant of the family Iridaceae
genus Iris - large genus of perennials that develop from bulbs or rhizomes
bearded iris - any of numerous wild or cultivated irises with hairlike structures on the falls (the drooping sepals)
beardless iris - any of numerous wild or cultivated irises having no hairs on the drooping sepals (the falls)
bulbous iris - any of various irises having a rootstock formed like a bulb
Iris cristata, dwarf iris - low-growing summer-flowering iris of northeastern United States
gladdon, gladdon iris, Iris foetidissima, roast beef plant, stinking gladwyn, stinking iris - iris with purple flowers and foul-smelling leaves; southern and western Europe and North Africa
Iris persica, Persian iris - bulbous iris native to Asia Minor cultivated for its pale lilac-colored flowers
Iris pseudacorus, yellow flag, yellow iris, yellow water flag - common yellow-flowered iris of Europe and North Africa, naturalized in United States and often cultivated
dwarf iris, Iris verna, vernal iris - low-growing spring-flowering American iris with bright blue-lilac flowers
blue flag, Iris versicolor - a common iris of the eastern United States having blue or blue-violet flowers; root formerly used medicinally
Iris virginica, southern blue flag - similar to blue flag; the eastern United States
English iris, Iris xiphioides - bulbous iris native to the Pyrenees; widely cultivated for its large delicate flowers in various colors except yellow
2.fleur-de-lis - (heraldry) charge consisting of a conventionalized representation of an irisfleur-de-lis - (heraldry) charge consisting of a conventionalized representation of an iris
armorial bearing, heraldic bearing, bearing, charge - heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield
heraldry - the study and classification of armorial bearings and the tracing of genealogies
References in periodicals archive ?
When he gets back home, he discusses the victory and the mysterious meaning of the three fleurs de lis with his wife.
4) One day when they were praying, an angel appeared to the hermit with a shield featuring three fleurs de lis.
53) Scevole and Louis de Sainte-Marthe (1572-1650 and 1656), brothers and historians, explicitly followed the lead of previous authors, saying in their Histoire genealogique de la maison de France (1619) that some believed Clovis crowned himself with fleurs de lis after his victory over the Alemans, but that this was not "atteste par les anciens Autheurs.