food poisoning

(redirected from Foodborne illness)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

food poisoning

n.
1. An acute, often severe gastrointestinal disorder characterized by vomiting and diarrhea and caused by eating food contaminated with bacteria such as salmonella, viruses such as norovirus, or bacterial toxins, as in botulism.
2. Poisoning caused by eating food that contains natural toxins, as certain mushrooms, or that is contaminated with chemical toxins such as pesticides.

food poisoning

n
(Pathology) an acute illness typically characterized by gastrointestinal inflammation, vomiting, and diarrhoea, caused by food that is either naturally poisonous or contaminated by pathogenic bacteria (esp Salmonella)

food′ poi`soning


n.
1. any illness, as salmonellosis, caused by eating food contaminated with bacterial toxins and typically marked by severe intestinal symptoms, as diarrhea, vomiting, and cramps.
2. any illness caused by eating poisonous mushrooms, plants, fish, etc., or food containing chemical contaminants.
[1885–90]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.food poisoning - illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food
illness, sickness, unwellness, malady - impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
botulism - food poisoning from ingesting botulin; not infectious; affects the CNS; can be fatal if not treated promptly
mushroom poisoning - toxic condition caused by eating certain species of mushrooms (especially Amanita species)
ptomaine poisoning, ptomaine - a term for food poisoning that is no longer in scientific use; food poisoning was once thought to be caused by ingesting ptomaines
salmonellosis - a kind of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Salmonella typhimurium
References in periodicals archive ?
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reminds people with HIV/AIDS (and those preparing food for them) about the importance ofsafe food handling in preventing foodborne illness.
Foodborne illness is a growing public health problem in developing and industrialized nations and a common cause of illness, and sometimes death, worldwide (1).
This book contains science-based, in-depth information about causes and prevention of foodborne illness, HACCP plans and active managerial control, cleaning and sanitizing, conducting facility plan reviews, pest control, riskbased inspections, sampling food for laboratory analysis, food defense, responding to food emergencies and foodborne illness outbreaks, and legal aspects of food safety.
The risks posed by pesticides in food pale in comparison to the risks from foodborne illness," said Carl Winter, extension food toxicologist and vice chair of the Department of Food Science and Technology at the University of California at Davis.
The 31 known pathogens causing foodborne illness can be tracked by public health systems are estimated to cause 20% of the total annual number of illnesses.
PEOPLE being treated for cancer are more vulnerable to foodborne illness and its serious complications.
The envisioned agency would coordinate research, prevention, inspections and investigations of foodborne illness outbreaks from pathogens like salmonella, E.
The proposed changes are another way we re working to meet the ever-changing food safety landscape and better protect Americans from foodborne illness.
Researchers examined foodborne illness outbreaks considered solved during a 10-year period, finding that Americans are twice as likely to get food poisoning from restaurant food than from food prepared at home.
About 80% of seniors in the United States have at least one chronic health condition, and 50% have at least two; some chronic conditions render them more susceptible to foodborne illness (CDC 2011a).
coli--including the highly pathogenic strains--can survive in soils, it is highly unlikely that foodborne illness would result from the bacterium becoming internalized through roots in leafy produce.
Overall, foodborne illness costs related to produce were responsible for $39 billion of that total.