Since medieval philosophers believed that the human body was a mix of four humours
, that is, blood, choler, phlegm and melancholia, artists drew on this theory and depicted human personality as being melancholic, choleric, phlegmatic or sanguine, depending on these four humours
A good example of this is the theory of the four humours
e activities will include a museum trail linked to the four humours
Give students time to do historical research into the four humours
and their depiction in art.
1), Durer's engraving offers the reader the perfect springboard from which to dive into Dixons in-depth analysis of melancholia, one of the four humours
The answer to all may be 'yes', for Silberman's catalogue essay says that her red, yellow, black and white are associated with the four humours
of the body in Hippocratic medicine.
The system is based on the Hippocratic theory of four humours
, the fluids in the body, that determine the body's condition and its health as well as the susceptibility to disease.
It took many centuries for medicine to abandon the Hippocratic theory of four humours
that led to logical treatment: bleed to get rid of bad humours; starve to prevent new ones from forming; or purge to get rid of the rest, from above, from below or from any other exit.
FOR centuries we believed disease was caused by an imbalance in our four humours
- today we realise there are innumerable causes of ill health.
No matter how hard we try, we cannot understand how any intelligent person could believe in the four humours
, or expect to cure fever with venesection, or fail to see that cholera is caused by something in the water.
The works of these three men are filled with references to the standard beliefs of the day, that the body was a combination of four humours
and that an imbalance in any one would cause either physical or mental illness.