Sri Lanka(redirected from Free Sovereign and Independent Republic of Sri Lanka)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Sri Lan·ka(srē läng′kə, shrē) Formerly Cey·lon (sĭ-lŏn′, sā-)
An island country in the Indian Ocean off southeast India. Inhabited originally by the Vedda, the island was later invaded by the Sinhalese (6th century bc) and the Tamil (10th century ad). The island's lucrative spice trade was controlled from the 12th century onward by the Arabs, Portuguese, Dutch, and British. Ceylon became a British colony in 1802 and achieved independence in 1948. In 1972 the island was declared a republic, adopting the Sinhalese name of Sri Lanka. A civil war between the government and Tamil separatists began in 1983 and ended in 2009 with the defeat of the Tamil army. Colombo is the capital and the largest city.
Sri Lan′kan adj. & n.
Sri Lanka(ˌsriː ˈlæŋkə)
(Placename) a republic in S Asia, occupying the island of Ceylon: settled by the Sinhalese from S India in about 550 bc; became a British colony 1802; gained independence in 1948, becoming a republic within the Commonwealth in 1972. Exports include tea, cocoa, cinnamon, and copra. Official languages: Sinhalese and Tamil; English is also widely spoken. Religion: Hinayana Buddhist majority. Currency: Sri Lanka rupee. Capital: Colombo (administrative), Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative). Parts of the coast suffered badly in the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Pop: 21 675 648 (2013 est). Area: 65 610 sq km (25 332 sq miles). Official name (since 1978): Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Former name (until 1972): Ceylon
Sri Lan•ka(ˌsri ˈlɑŋ kə, ˈlæŋ kə, ˌʃri)
an island republic in the Indian Ocean, S of India: a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 19,144,875; 25,332 sq. mi. (65,609 sq. km). Cap.: Colombo. Formerly, Ceylon.
Sri` Lan′kan, adj., n.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||Sri Lanka - a republic on the island of Ceylon; became independent of the United Kingdom in 1948|
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, LTTE, Tamil Tigers, Tigers, World Tamil Association, World Tamil Movement - a terrorist organization in Sri Lanka that began in 1970 as a student protest over the limited university access for Tamil students; currently seeks to establish an independent Tamil state called Eelam; relies on guerilla strategy including terrorist tactics that target key government and military personnel; "the Tamil Tigers perfected suicide bombing as a weapon of war"
capital of Sri Lanka, Colombo - the capital and largest city of Sri Lanka; has one of the largest harbors in the world; is located on the western coast of the island of Ceylon
Kandy - a city of central Sri Lanka that was the last capital of the ancient kings of Ceylon; a resort and religious center
Sri Lankan - a native or inhabitant of Sri Lanka
Sri LankaSri Lanca
Šri LankaШри Ланка
nước Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka[ˌsriːˈlæŋkə] N → Sri Lanka m
Sri Lanka[sriːˈlæŋkə] n → Sri Lanka m
n → Sri Lanka nt