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1. Prohibiting slavery: free-soil states.
a. Opposing the extension of slavery before the US Civil War.
b. Free-Soil Of or being a US political party founded in 1848 to oppose the extension of slavery into US territories and the admission of slave states into the Union.

Free′-Soil′er (-soi′lər) n.

free′ soil′

a U.S. territory in which slavery was forbidden before the Civil War.
[1840–50, Amer.]


adj. (sometimes l.c.)
1. opposing the extension of slavery into U.S. territories before the Civil War.
2. pertaining to or characteristic of the Free Soil Party.
[1840–50, Amer.]
Free′-Soil′er, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend: - where slavery was prohibited; "a free-soil state"
free - not held in servitude; "after the Civil War he was a free man"
References in classic literature ?
The guests are warm and merry; they have given up the Judge; and, concluding that the Free-Soilers have him, they will fix upon another candidate.
Congress first as a Whig in 1850, and then as a Free-Soiler in 1852, did
11) Greeley's fellow free-soiler, Abraham Lincoln, evoked a similar sense of the easy availability of capital in his 1861 address to Congress:
He was at different times a Whig, a Free-Soiler, and a Republican, but despite his many political and ideological twists and turns, he remained a steadfast abolitionist and thus won the undying hatred of powerful advocates of the slave system--a situation which he seemed to relish.
In 1857-58, when pro-slavery mobs turned the settlement of the Kansas territory into "bleeding Kansas,'' Higginson became a gun runner carrying guns and weapons to the free-soilers who were emigrating to the Kansas territory.
Clark Kent's human family, for example, has been reimagined as the descendants of Kansas Free-Soilers and abolitionists.
The free-soilers whom Douglas courted became upset at the prospect that slave labor might damage their opportunity for a fresh start in life.
Since submission to the hegemony of Northern free-soilers would have meant "moral and political suicide" for this "special civilization" of the South, a "final struggle [was] so probable that we may safely call it inevitable.
Hammond, and other incipient southern nationalists lauded as part of the genius of southern institutions, that led many free-soilers and incipient Republicans to castigate the South as a cryptoaristocratic "mudsill democracy.
Smiley borrows this detail from Beecher's life, too: Catherine's brother, Henry Ward Beecher, allegedly sent Sharps rifles, or "Beecher's Bibles," along with the Free-Soilers who emigrated to Kansas.