In Seaton's view, Trilling is one of the chief exemplars of humanistic criticism, and in this respect he is of course correct, although it is necessary to overlook a great deal about Trilling's leftist politics and Freudianism
to arrive at this conclusion.
A fixation on the former leads to crude, mechanistic Freudianism
, the latter to egoistic and naive assertions of self-sufficiency.
Psychoanalytic concepts were common parlance in the mid-twentieth century, Lunbeck notes; cultural critics such as Tom Wolfe, Peter Marin, and Christopher Lasch adapted the scholarship about narcissism for a readership already primed by decades of pop Freudianism
From this program were drawn "great stories" or "meta-narrative" like Freudianism
, Marxism and hermeneutics that for nearly three centuries had a legitimized role in European thought.
Did Britain repent of her flirtation with the new godless ideologies and whimsies--from Marxism, spiritualism, and Freudianism
to eugenics--that had been contaminating the universities and salons of fashionable Mayfair and elsewhere?
He charges Freudianism
with presenting humans in an inherently false, individualistic, asocial, and ahistorial setting.
By the 1950s, however, that consensus had been undermined, at least in elite circles, by Darwinism, the prestige of science, and the influence of Freudianism
and psychology more generally.
Given the young Lacan's interests during his formative years, it is likely that he discovered the far-reaching importance of Freudianism
less through medical literature than through surrealism.
Most generally, the 'fractured self' is not only a theme used to tie together the various issues Freudianism
raises about subjectivity, but the image also reflects the complex array of topics that might be collected under the notion of selfhood, broadly understood: existential freedom, historical consciousness, self-knowing and self-identification, agency (configured socially and morally), and other matters so critical to contemporary discussions in cultural studies, psychology, philosophy, and sociology.
Fanon's work was a blend of Freudianism
, Marxism, and Sartrean existentialism.
Friedlander goes on to catalogue the many contexts in which Kafka's texts have been explicated: "A neurotic Jew, a religious one, a mystic, a self-hating Jew, a crypto-Christian, a Gnostic, the messenger of an antipatriarchal brand of Freudianism
, a Marxist, the quintessential existentialist, a prophet of totalitarianism or of the Holocaust, an iconic voice of High Modernism and much more; in short he has become the most protean cultural figure of the past century.
, and Marxism, when combined in their Foucauldian form, suggest that exploitative social power, omnipresent and diffuse, fabricates illusory public norms rationalizing injustice.