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An allotrope of carbon composed of any of various cagelike molecules that consist only of an even number of carbon atoms, are often spherical in shape, and are composed of hexagonal and pentagonal groups of atoms.

[After Richard Buckminster Fuller (from the resemblance of their configurations to his geodesic domes) + -ene.]


(Elements & Compounds) any of various carbon molecules with a polyhedral structure similar to that of buckminsterfullerene, such as C70, C76, and C84. See also buckminsterfullerene


(ˈfʊl əˌrin)
any of a class of large carbon molecules consisting of a roughly spherical shell.
[1985–90; after R. Buckminster Fuller]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fullerene - a form of carbon having a large molecule consisting of an empty cage of sixty or more carbon atoms
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
buckminsterfullerene, buckyball - a spheroidal fullerene; the first known example of a fullerene
carbon nanotube, nanotube - a fullerene molecule having a cylindrical or toroidal shape
atomic number 6, carbon, C - an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
References in periodicals archive ?
3, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- About Fullerenes Fullerenes are a group of carbon molecules that are available in various forms such as ellipsoids, spheres, and hollow tubes.
Most of these fullerenes are produced using easily available substrates such as graphite, coal, and hydrocarbon fuels.
Finally, the work will move beyond our knowledge of known structurally characterized fullerenes by the development of non-carbon based alternatives within and beyond the fullerene topology.
While the physical properties of the graphene, carbon nanotubes and fullerenes materials are considered to be unique they have, until now, proven to be difficult to manufacture in quantity.
The cages have faces of 12 regular pentagons and up to 480 irregular hexagons, which puts them into a category of shapes called fullerenes.
To celebrate the 25th anniversary of the discovery of buckminsterfullerene--first known as buckyballs and now as fullerenes--chemists and physicists summarize the current state of fullerenes and the related forms of carbon, nanotubes and graphenes.
Commercial production of Fullerenes started in 2003 for such applications as carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP) and additive in lubricants.
The ability of fullerenes to enhance the mechanical properties of epoxy resins is improved in relation to the published data for other nanoparticle-modified epoxy.
Because trace residues of toxic pesticides lace soils long after they were last applied, White's group looked to see if nontoxic quantities of fullerenes in the root zone affected how plants respond to any breakdown residues of DDT.
The development of novel synthetic methodologies to construct molecular clips and tweezers capable of forming supramolecular assembles with fullerenes is reviewed.
According to researchers Vijay Krishna, Nathanael Stevens, Ben Koopman and Brij Moudgil, they used lasers not much more intense than those found in laser pointers to light up, heat or ignite manufactured carbon molecules, known as fullerenes, whose soccer-ball-like shapes had been distorted in certain ways.
Various nanotechnology platforms like fullerenes, nanotubes, quantum dots, nanopores, dendrimers, liposomes, magnetic nanoprobes and radio controlled nanoparticles are being developed.