furnace

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fur·nace

 (fûr′nĭs)
n.
1. An enclosure in which energy in a nonthermal form is converted to heat, especially such an enclosure in which heat is generated by the combustion of a suitable fuel.
2. An intensely hot place: the furnace of the sun; an attic room that is a furnace in the summer.
3. A severe test or trial: endured the furnace of his friends' blame after the accident.

[Middle English fourneyse, from Old French fornaise, variant of earlier fornais, from Latin fornāx, fornāc-, oven; see gwher- in Indo-European roots.]

furnace

(ˈfɜːnɪs)
n
1. (Mechanical Engineering) an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced to generate steam, destroy refuse, smelt or refine ores, etc
2. a very hot or stifling place
[C13: from Old French fornais, from Latin fornax oven, furnace; related to Latin formus warm]
ˈfurnace-ˌlike adj

fur•nace

(ˈfɜr nɪs)

n.
1. a structure or apparatus in which heat may be generated, as for heating houses, smelting ores, or producing steam.
2. a place characterized by intense heat.
[1175–1225; Middle English furneis, furnais < Old French fornais, fournais < Latin fornācem, kiln, oven]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.furnace - an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced to heat buildings, destroy refuse, smelt or refine ores, etc.furnace - an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced to heat buildings, destroy refuse, smelt or refine ores, etc.
athanor - a furnace that feeds itself so as to maintain a uniform temperature; used by alchemists
blast furnace - a furnace for smelting of iron from iron oxide ores; combustion is intensified by a blast of air
chamber - a natural or artificial enclosed space
cremation chamber, crematorium, crematory - a furnace where a corpse can be burned and reduced to ashes
cupola - a vertical cylindrical furnace for melting iron for casting
electric furnace - any furnace in which the heat is provided by an electric current
firebox - a furnace (as on a steam locomotive) in which fuel is burned
forge - furnace consisting of a special hearth where metal is heated before shaping
gas furnace - a furnace that burns gas
grate, grating - a frame of iron bars to hold a fire
incinerator - a furnace for incinerating (especially to dispose of refuse)
kiln - a furnace for firing or burning or drying such things as porcelain or bricks
oil burner, oil furnace - a furnace that burns oil
open-hearth furnace - a furnace for making steel in which the steel is placed on a shallow hearth and flames of burning gas and hot air play over it
register - a regulator (as a sliding plate) for regulating the flow of air into a furnace or other heating device
reverberatory furnace - a furnace in which the material that is being treated is heated indirectly by flames that are directed at the roof and walls of the furnace
tank furnace - furnace into one end of which a batch of measured raw materials is shoveled and from the other end molten glass is obtained
Translations
فُرْن، أتون
pec
ovnsmelteovn
ahjosulatusuuniuuni
kemence
bræîsluofn
kurtuve
kotelpeč

furnace

[ˈfɜːnɪs] Nhorno m
the room was like a furnacela habitación era un horno

furnace

[ˈfɜːrnɪs] nfourneau m

furnace

nHochofen m; (Metal) → Schmelzofen m; this room is like a furnacedieses Zimmer ist ja das reinste Treibhaus

furnace

[ˈfɜːnɪs] nfornace f

furnace

(ˈfəːnis) noun
a very hot oven or closed-in fireplace for melting iron ore, making steam for heating etc.
References in classic literature ?
So long before being forwarded to Tampa Town, the iron ore, molten in the great furnaces of Coldspring, and brought into contact with coal and silicium heated to a high temperature, was carburized and transformed into cast iron.
Though I was a mere child, my stepfather put me and my brother at work in one of the furnaces.
In a large and lofty building, supported by pillars of iron, with great black apertures in the upper walls, open to the external air; echoing to the roof with the beating of hammers and roar of furnaces, mingled with the hissing of red-hot metal plunged in water, and a hundred strange unearthly noises never heard elsewhere; in this gloomy place, moving like demons among the flame and smoke, dimly and fitfully seen, flushed and tormented by the burning fires, and wielding great weapons, a faulty blow from any one of which must have crushed some workman's skull, a number of men laboured like giants.
They went through the blast furnaces, through rolling mills where bars of steel were tossed about and chopped like bits of cheese.
Under his rule are many thousands of the Nomes, who are queerly shaped but powerful sprites that labor at the furnaces and forges of their king, making gold and silver and other metals which they conceal in the crevices of the rocks, so that those living upon the earth's surface can only find them with great difficulty.
He only thought of the end, so nearly accomplished; and sometimes he boiled over with impatience, as if heated by the furnaces of the Henrietta.
It was a collection of furnaces, fat-kettles, and oil sheds; and when the works were in full operation certainly gave forth no very pleasant savor.
Across the desolate plain, stripped bare of all vegetation, and made hideous forever by the growth of a mighty industry, where the furnace fires reddened the sky, and only the unbroken line of ceaseless lights showed where town dwindled into village and suburbs led back again into town.
Grandfather loved a wood-fire far better than a grate of glowing anthracite, or than the dull heat of an invisible furnace, which seems to think that it has done its duty in merely warming the house.
He had left his laboratory to the care of an assistant, cleared his fine countenance from the furnace smoke, washed the stain of acids from his fingers, and persuaded a beautiful woman to become his wife.
The field echoes from wing to wing, as a hundred hammers that rise by turn, on the red son of the furnace.
See to the skin tint: it is not to be replaced, for paint as you will, it is not once in a hundred times that it is not either burned too brown in the furnace or else the color will not hold, and you get but a sickly white.