furnace

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fur·nace

 (fûr′nĭs)
n.
1. An enclosure in which energy in a nonthermal form is converted to heat, especially such an enclosure in which heat is generated by the combustion of a suitable fuel.
2. An intensely hot place: the furnace of the sun; an attic room that is a furnace in the summer.
3. A severe test or trial: endured the furnace of his friends' blame after the accident.

[Middle English fourneyse, from Old French fornaise, variant of earlier fornais, from Latin fornāx, fornāc-, oven; see gwher- in Indo-European roots.]

furnace

(ˈfɜːnɪs)
n
1. (Mechanical Engineering) an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced to generate steam, destroy refuse, smelt or refine ores, etc
2. a very hot or stifling place
[C13: from Old French fornais, from Latin fornax oven, furnace; related to Latin formus warm]
ˈfurnace-ˌlike adj

fur•nace

(ˈfɜr nɪs)

n.
1. a structure or apparatus in which heat may be generated, as for heating houses, smelting ores, or producing steam.
2. a place characterized by intense heat.
[1175–1225; Middle English furneis, furnais < Old French fornais, fournais < Latin fornācem, kiln, oven]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.furnace - an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced to heat buildings, destroy refuse, smelt or refine ores, etc.furnace - an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced to heat buildings, destroy refuse, smelt or refine ores, etc.
athanor - a furnace that feeds itself so as to maintain a uniform temperature; used by alchemists
blast furnace - a furnace for smelting of iron from iron oxide ores; combustion is intensified by a blast of air
chamber - a natural or artificial enclosed space
cremation chamber, crematorium, crematory - a furnace where a corpse can be burned and reduced to ashes
cupola - a vertical cylindrical furnace for melting iron for casting
electric furnace - any furnace in which the heat is provided by an electric current
firebox - a furnace (as on a steam locomotive) in which fuel is burned
forge - furnace consisting of a special hearth where metal is heated before shaping
gas furnace - a furnace that burns gas
grate, grating - a frame of iron bars to hold a fire
incinerator - a furnace for incinerating (especially to dispose of refuse)
kiln - a furnace for firing or burning or drying such things as porcelain or bricks
oil burner, oil furnace - a furnace that burns oil
open-hearth furnace - a furnace for making steel in which the steel is placed on a shallow hearth and flames of burning gas and hot air play over it
register - a regulator (as a sliding plate) for regulating the flow of air into a furnace or other heating device
reverberatory furnace - a furnace in which the material that is being treated is heated indirectly by flames that are directed at the roof and walls of the furnace
tank furnace - furnace into one end of which a batch of measured raw materials is shoveled and from the other end molten glass is obtained
Translations
فُرْن، أتون
pec
ovnsmelteovn
ahjosulatusuuniuuni
kemence
bræîsluofn
kurtuve
kotelpeč

furnace

[ˈfɜːnɪs] Nhorno m
the room was like a furnacela habitación era un horno

furnace

[ˈfɜːrnɪs] nfourneau m

furnace

nHochofen m; (Metal) → Schmelzofen m; this room is like a furnacedieses Zimmer ist ja das reinste Treibhaus

furnace

[ˈfɜːnɪs] nfornace f

furnace

(ˈfəːnis) noun
a very hot oven or closed-in fireplace for melting iron ore, making steam for heating etc.
References in classic literature ?
It was a collection of furnaces, fat-kettles, and oil sheds; and when the works were in full operation certainly gave forth no very pleasant savor.
They went through the blast furnaces, through rolling mills where bars of steel were tossed about and chopped like bits of cheese.
There in the palace at Sheffield they've got furnaces, and he wants his water hot.
In another, the ground was cumbered with rusty iron monsters of steam-boilers, wheels, cranks, pipes, furnaces, paddles, anchors, diving-bells, windmill-sails, and I know not what strange objects, accumulated by some speculator, and grovelling in the dust, underneath which - having sunk into the soil of their own weight in wet weather - they had the appearance of vainly trying to hide themselves.
There are demons down there, quite black, standing in front of boilers, and they wield shovels and pitchforks and poke up fires and stir up flames and, if you come too near them, they frighten you by suddenly opening the red mouths of their furnaces.
In the bosoms of this people, thus heterogeneously composed, there was burning, kindled at different furnaces, but all furnaces of affliction, one clear, steady flame of liberty.
At this cry the whole ship's crew hurried towards the harpooner-- commander, officers, masters, sailors, cabin boys; even the engineers left their engines, and the stokers their furnaces.
The horses seemed to become more lively with each successive step; their nostrils reddened like glowing furnaces.
He was from beyond the sea, a Doctor Cacaphodel, who had wilted and dried himself into a mummy by continually stooping over charcoal furnaces, and inhaling unwholesome fumes during his researches in chemistry and alchemy.
Upon my word," cried he, "I thought I had seen wonders before to-day--hydras with nine heads, stags with golden horns, six-legged men, three-headed dogs, giants with furnaces in their stomachs, and nobody knows what besides.
A profound, pitying rebellion gripped him at the idea that anything so sweet, so perfect must pass slowly through the defacing furnaces of time and pain.
The courtiers, having entered, brought furnaces and massy hammers and welded the bolts.