If common species of the Furnariidae
(a family absent from temperate North America) prove to be competent hosts, they could play an important role in WNV transmission in Argentina because of their frequent exposure to WNV.
Birds that utilize forest into which chickens roam and that have ecologic behaviors that might put them at risk of coming into contact with poultry and poultry feces include ground birds (or those that spend a significant amount of time on the ground), such as Tynamidae (tinamous), Columbidae (pigeons and doves), Thamnophilidae (antbirds, antshrikes), Caprimulgidae (nightjars and nighthawks), Furnariidae
(foliage gleaners and leaf tossers), Formicaridae (antpittas), Emberizidae (finches and grassquits), or Turdidae (thrushes), and birds that might either consume chickens or aggregate near foodstuff consumed by chickens, such as Cathartidae (vultures), some members of Accipitridae and Falconidae (hawks, eagles, falcons), Cracidae (guans), and Odontophoridae (quails).
Using distributions of four bird families (Psittacidae, parrots; Furnariidae
, ovenbirds and woodcreepers; Tyrannidae, New World flycatchers, including cotingas and manakins; and Troglodytinae, wrens) plotted onto the same grid used here, Fjeldsa and Rahbek (1998) also found high species richness in the montane Andes, but for these bird data the peak of species richness occurred farther to the north, in central Ecuador (see Fjeldsa & Rahbek, 1998, fig.
Part III: families Cotingidae, Pipridae, Formicariidae, Furnariidae
, Dendrocolaptidae and Picidae).