GRAS


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Related to GRAS: MPSC, YCMOU

GRAS

abbr.
generally recognized as safe (US Food and Drug Administration label)

GRAS

(græs)
generally recognized as safe: a status label assigned by the FDA to a listing of substances (GRAS′ list`) not known to be hazardous to health.
[1970–75]
Translations
gras
References in classic literature ?
It was lucky that some tins of fine preserves were stowed in a locker in my stateroom; hard bread I could always get hold of; and so he lived on stewed chicken, PATE DE FOIE GRAS, aspara- gus, cooked oysters, sardines--on all sorts of abominable sham delicacies out of tins.
The GRAS criteria require that the safe use of ingredients in human and animal food be widely recognized by the appropriate qualified experts.
A 2010 Government Accountability Office report recommended that the FDA increase its supervision of the GRAS system and "'minimize the potential for conflicts of interest in companies' GRAS determinations.
The FDA has issued a 'no objection letter' to the GRAS petition for PinnoThin[R], confirming its 'GRAS' status in applications.
3) The definitions highlighted above clearly distinguish a food additive from a GRAS substance.
GRAS status can be based either upon common use in food prior to 1958 or upon "scientific procedures," for example, toxicological studies or other scientific information.
If new evidence suggests that a GRAS or prior-sanctioned substance, may be unsafe, federal authorities can prohibit its use or require further studies to determine its safety.
The Flavor Extracts Manufacturers Association (FEMA), for example, also has an expert panel to determine the GRAS status of artificial flavors made from natural products.
There are two approaches to achieve GRAS status, based on 1) history of safe use and 2) scientific procedures, or both, which are discussed in more detail here.
GRAS is an acronym for the phrase "Generally Recognized As Safe".
The wording of the 1958 amendment seems a bit turned on its head (that is, a food additive unless GRAS), but Congress was trying to make the point that approval by the GRAS process was an exception to the rule that all substances should be reviewed by the FDA.
If a substance qualifies as GRAS when added to food in a particular application, there is no need to obtain any type of clearance or pre-market authorization from FDA before it is used.