gadfly

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gad·fly

 (găd′flī′)
n.
1. A persistent irritating critic; a nuisance.
2. One that acts as a provocative stimulus; a goad.
3. Any of various flies, especially a warble fly, botfly, or horsefly, that bite or annoy livestock and other animals.

[gad + fly.]

gadfly

(ˈɡædˌflaɪ)
n, pl -flies
1. (Animals) any of various large dipterous flies, esp the horsefly, that annoy livestock by sucking their blood
2. a constantly irritating or harassing person
[C16: from gad2 (sting) + fly2]

gad•fly

(ˈgædˌflaɪ)

n., pl. -flies.
1. any of various flies, as a horsefly or warble fly, that bite or annoy livestock.
2. a person who persistently annoys or stirs up others, esp. with provocative criticism.
[1585–95]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gadfly - a persistently annoying persongadfly - a persistently annoying person  
nudnick, nudnik - (Yiddish) someone who is a boring pest
persecutor, tormenter, tormentor - someone who torments
2.gadfly - any of various large flies that annoy livestock
fly - two-winged insects characterized by active flight
botfly - stout-bodied hairy dipterous fly whose larvae are parasites on humans and other mammals
warble fly - hairy bee-like fly whose larvae produce lumpy abscesses (warbles) under the skin of cattle
cleg, clegg, horse fly, horsefly - large swift fly the female of which sucks blood of various animals
Translations

gadfly

[ˈgædflaɪ] Ntábano m

gadfly

[ˈgædflaɪ] n (= person) → enquiquineur/euse m/f

gadfly

n(Vieh)bremse f

gadfly

[ˈgædˌflaɪ] ntafano

gad·fly

n. tábano, moscardón; moscón.
References in classic literature ?
The wind, that seemed to blow as they drove, dropped when the carriage stood still; gadflies settled on the steaming horses that angrily shook them off.
Corporate America is being held hostage by three people you have probably never heard of," wrote Steven Davidoif Solomon in a 2014 DealBook column in The NeivYork Times, referring to the three gadflies who have filed the most proposals in recent years--John Chevedden, William Steiner and James McRitchie.
Bloodsucking gadflies and mosquitoes have been blamed for spreading the lethal disease, with infections being reawakened from soil that was contami nated 75-plus years ago.
But among the industry gadflies we polled, the Philadelphia area edged North Carolina.
Now that he is the Arab League's secretary-general, Al-Araby, 75, said he plans to order investigations into alleged human rights abuses perpetrated by forces loyal to Libyan leader Moammar Gadflies.
Legislators got into it, along with journalists, opinion writers, lobbyists and other gadflies armed with smart-phones and iPads.
In division one leaders Peggy Gadflies had efforts from Martin Evans, Greg Nixon and Paul Williams help them to a 3-2 victory at Gladstone Athletic and Bird FC''s two goal Mickey McCann left his calling card in the 3-1 success at Railway Meols.
In both instances, the debates were prompted by City Hall gadflies who scrutinize the council and testify about everything from their protest rights to special permit waivers awarded by the council.
So it is not enough simply to invoke "church;" churches themselves must be called to a robust witness of faith, and in that too their colleges and universities may be useful gadflies.
One-sided gadflies, so it seems, are commonly preferred over gadflies who engage in critiques of their own ideas as well as appraisals of the beliefs of their family members.