tourokurei [Imperial Orderfor Foreigners Registration], Imperial Order No 207 of 1947, online: <ja.
Nikkei teizyu gaikokujin
sisaku ni kansuru kihon sisin" [Basic policy principle for long-term staying nikkeijin], August 31.
105) Some minority children did not consider themselves "foreign" until they were required to register as gaikokujin
with the ward office at the age of fourteen (later sixteen), to give their fingerprints like potential criminal suspects, and to carry their registry cards on their person at all times--thus being socially "othered" from their peers at a delicate age.
17: Jinbungaku (Estrangeiros contratados Vol.
lt;< Nihon ni okeru Gaikokujin
no Citizenship to Tabunka Kyosei >>, in M.
These specialists, the oyatoi gaikokujin
(foreigners employed by the government), (50) were selected according to the specialties that the Japanese state associated with their nation, beginning with Dutch instructors in naval affairs from 1854-1859.
Gaijin: Contraction of gaikokujin
, which is the Japanese term used to indicate a foreigner, literally "person from a foreign country.
JIA (Japan Immigration Association) 1985-2010 (different editions); Zairyu Gaikokujin
Tokei Statistics on Foreigners Registered in Japan (Tokyo: Japan Immigration Association).
Se piensa que es una contraccion de la palabra mas aceptada socialmente: gaikokujin
([TEXTO IRREPRODUCIBLE EN ASCII] literalmente: "persona de un pais de fuera").
See Tetsuka Kazuaki, Gaikokujin
to ho [Foreigners and the Law] 61-62, 81 (2005).
2010 <<Heisei 21 nenmatsu genzai ni okeru gaikokujin
torokusha tokei ni tsuite>>.
For an overview of the legal treatment of foreigners with respect to social security and healthcare benefits, see TEZUKA KAZUAKI, GAIKOKUJIN
TO HO [Foreigners and the Law], 301-29 (3d ed.