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1. A historical region of central Europe in southeast Poland and western Ukraine. An independent principality after 1087, it was conquered by Russians in the 12th century and later passed to Poland and Austria. The territory was returned to Poland after World War I, and the eastern portion was ceded to the USSR after World War II.
2. A region and ancient kingdom of northwest Spain on the Atlantic Ocean south of the Bay of Biscay. Exploited by the Romans for its mineral resources, it later became a Goth kingdom and a stronghold of the Moors.
1. (Placename) a region of E central Europe on the N side of the Carpathians, now in SE Poland and Ukraine
2. (Placename) an autonomous region and former kingdom of NW Spain, on the Bay of Biscay and the Atlantic. Pop: 1 969 000 (2003 est)
Ga•li•ci•a(gəˈlɪʃ ə, -ˈlɪʃ i ə; for 2 also Sp. gɑˈli θyɑ, -syɑ)
1. a region in E central Europe: a former crown land of Austria, included in S Poland after World War I, and now partly in Ukraine. ab. 30,500 sq. mi. (79,000 sq. km).
2. a maritime region in NW Spain: a former kingdom, and later a province. 11,256 sq. mi. (29,153 sq. km).