The sections cover root and stem feeders, stem borers, rice gall midges
, leafhoppers and planthoppers, foliage feeders, panicle feeders, and integrated pest management for rice.
Key Words: Gall midges
, Mikiola fagi, Fagus orientalis, Turkey.
In addition to the pygmy locust, Dr Heads and his colleagues have found mating flies, stingless bees, gall midges
, Azteca ants, wasps, bark beetles, mites, spiders, plant parts and even a mammal hair.
complex has been recently reported as one of the major pests from all mango growing areas of Pakistan.
Unlike galls, which are formed by gall midges
(Cecidomyiidae), petal damage is caused by a wide variety of insects.
Checklist of Indian Gall Midges
Articles of about 20 pages then discuss such aspects of the science as pathogenomics of the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex, the role of nematode peptides and other small molecules in plant parasitism, new grower-friendly methods for monitoring plant pathogens, gall midges
(Hessian flies) as plant pathogens, and receptor kinase signaling pathways in plant-microbe interactions.
Gagne (1994), in an account of the gall midges
of the Neotropical Region, provided a brief biography of Jean-Jacques Kieffer (1857-1925), in which he noted that Kieffer published 470 scientific papers, including taxonomic studies of the Cecidomyiidae, Ceratopogonidae, Chironomidae and parasitic Hymenoptera.
All his life, Michael White was fascinated by anomalous and hard-to-explain meiotic systems, such as the bizarre mechanisms of gall midges
, or the achiasmate male meiosis of some mantids and eumastacids (White 1965a,b; 1970).
Example topics are gall-inducing scale insects, the phylogeny of gall midges
, dipteran leaf miners, the biology and evolution of braconid gall wasps, and gall flies on Myrtaceae as a mutualistic association between flies and nematodes.
The main flower visitors were two species of gall midges
were classified as "young" ([less than]48 h) and "old" larvae ([greater than]168 h) since there is a controversy over the number of A.