gastrointestinal hormone


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Noun1.gastrointestinal hormone - hormones that affect gastrointestinal functioning
endocrine, hormone, internal secretion - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
gastrin - polypeptide hormone secreted by the mucous lining of the stomach; when peptides and amino acids are present in the small intestine the secretion of gastric acid is stimulated
cholecystokinin - a gastrointestinal hormone that stimulates the secretion of pancreatic enzymes and the contraction and emptying of the gall bladder; its release is stimulated by the presence of fatty acids and amino acids in the small intestine
secretin - a gastrointestinal hormone that stimulates the secretion of water and bicarbonate from the pancreas and bile ducts whenever the stomach empties too much acid into the small intestine
ghrelin - a gastrointestinal hormone produced by epithelial cells lining the fundus of the stomach; appears to be a stimulant for appetite and feeding, but is also a strong stimulant of growth hormone secretion from the anterior pituitary
motilin - a gastrointestinal hormone that apparently participates in controlling smooth muscle contractions in the stomach and small intestine
References in periodicals archive ?
It has been demonstrated that psychological stimulation elicits delayed gastric emptying, circulating gastrointestinal hormone abnormalities (Guo et al.
Scientists at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston (UTMB) have discovered that curcumin, an active ingredient in turmeric, blocks the activity of neurotensin, a gastrointestinal hormone implicated in the development of colorectal cancer.
Secretin is a natural gastrointestinal hormone involved in the process of digestion and has been used for many years by gastroenterologists in combination with endoscopy, an invasive procedure, to evaluate and treat diseases of the pancreas and gallbladder.
Novartis, Basel, Switzerland, has announced that the Japanese health authority has approved Sandostatin LAR (octreotide acetate for injectable suspension) for the treatment of acromegaly and pituitary gigantism which is unresponsive to or unsuitable for surgery or other drug therapies, and for symptoms associated with gastrointestinal hormone secreting tumors (also known as gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine tumors (NET), including carcinoid tumors, gastrinomas, and VIPomas (Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide- secreting tumors).
Kamm MA, Nightingale JM, et al: Circulating gastrointestinal hormone abnormalities in patients with severe constipation.
Morley suggest in the May 15 SCIENCE that a gastrointestinal hormone released in mice during feeding can enhance memory by activating fibers in the peripheral nervous system.
Synergy's proprietary drug candidate plecanatide is a synthetic analog of the human gastrointestinal hormone uroguanylin, and functions by activating the guanylate cyclase C receptor on epithelial cells of the GI tract.
This study harnesses the natural biological properties of the gastrointestinal hormone secretin to stimulate pancreatic secretions," stated Walter C.
Human Secretin is a synthetically produced peptide, identical to the naturally occurring human gastrointestinal hormone.

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