gastrointestinal hormone


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Noun1.gastrointestinal hormone - hormones that affect gastrointestinal functioning
endocrine, hormone, internal secretion - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
gastrin - polypeptide hormone secreted by the mucous lining of the stomach; when peptides and amino acids are present in the small intestine the secretion of gastric acid is stimulated
cholecystokinin - a gastrointestinal hormone that stimulates the secretion of pancreatic enzymes and the contraction and emptying of the gall bladder; its release is stimulated by the presence of fatty acids and amino acids in the small intestine
secretin - a gastrointestinal hormone that stimulates the secretion of water and bicarbonate from the pancreas and bile ducts whenever the stomach empties too much acid into the small intestine
ghrelin - a gastrointestinal hormone produced by epithelial cells lining the fundus of the stomach; appears to be a stimulant for appetite and feeding, but is also a strong stimulant of growth hormone secretion from the anterior pituitary
motilin - a gastrointestinal hormone that apparently participates in controlling smooth muscle contractions in the stomach and small intestine
References in periodicals archive ?
The possible mechanisms involved in this process include decreased pancreatic polypeptide, glucagon, cholecystokinin, gastrin and gastrointestinal hormone levels, D cell damage reduction and improved somatostatin synthesis and release.
KEY WORDS: Enteral feeding; Glutamine; Neonate; Serum vitamin D; Gastrointestinal hormone.
The company's lead proprietary drug candidate plecanatide is a synthetic analog of the human gastrointestinal hormone uroguanylin.
Tso claimed that their research shows apoA-IV to behave similar to an incretin-a gastrointestinal hormone causing an increased release of insulin after eating to combat the onset of elevated blood glucose.
In order to gain experimental foundation, we performed continuous jejunal interposition in experimental dogs and investigated whether or not an improved gastrointestinal hormone level and good clinical course was observed.
In the present study, the effects of an essential oil (EO) extracted from Atractylodes lancea on delayed gastric emptying, gastrointestinal hormone and hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) abnormalities induced by restraint stress in rats were investigated and the mechanism of the EO is also explored.
Scientists at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston (UTMB) have discovered that curcumin, an active ingredient in turmeric, blocks the activity of neurotensin, a gastrointestinal hormone implicated in the development of colorectal cancer.
Secretin is a natural gastrointestinal hormone involved in the process of digestion and has been used for many years by gastroenterologists in combination with endoscopy, an invasive procedure, to evaluate and treat diseases of the pancreas and gallbladder.
Novartis, Basel, Switzerland, has announced that the Japanese health authority has approved Sandostatin LAR (octreotide acetate for injectable suspension) for the treatment of acromegaly and pituitary gigantism which is unresponsive to or unsuitable for surgery or other drug therapies, and for symptoms associated with gastrointestinal hormone secreting tumors (also known as gastroenteropancreatic (GEP) neuroendocrine tumors (NET), including carcinoid tumors, gastrinomas, and VIPomas (Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide- secreting tumors).
The gastrointestinal hormone secretin, similarly looked extremely promising in a small series.
Morley suggest in the May 15 SCIENCE that a gastrointestinal hormone released in mice during feeding can enhance memory by activating fibers in the peripheral nervous system.

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