gastrointestinal hormone

(redirected from Gastrointestinal hormones)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Gastrointestinal hormones: gastric hormones
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gastrointestinal hormone - hormones that affect gastrointestinal functioning
endocrine, hormone, internal secretion - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
gastrin - polypeptide hormone secreted by the mucous lining of the stomach; when peptides and amino acids are present in the small intestine the secretion of gastric acid is stimulated
cholecystokinin - a gastrointestinal hormone that stimulates the secretion of pancreatic enzymes and the contraction and emptying of the gall bladder; its release is stimulated by the presence of fatty acids and amino acids in the small intestine
secretin - a gastrointestinal hormone that stimulates the secretion of water and bicarbonate from the pancreas and bile ducts whenever the stomach empties too much acid into the small intestine
ghrelin - a gastrointestinal hormone produced by epithelial cells lining the fundus of the stomach; appears to be a stimulant for appetite and feeding, but is also a strong stimulant of growth hormone secretion from the anterior pituitary
motilin - a gastrointestinal hormone that apparently participates in controlling smooth muscle contractions in the stomach and small intestine
References in periodicals archive ?
These results suggest that the regulative effects of the EO on delayed gastric emptying are preformed mainly via inhibition of the release of central CRF and activation of vagal pathway, which are also involved in the release of gastrointestinal hormones such as MTL, GAS and SS.
Given that many patients with diabetes significantly improve immediately after bariatric surgery, even before weight loss occurs, it is possible that improved insulin resistance might be independent of weight loss and could result from changes in gastrointestinal hormones and regulatory peptides.
1) Chewing gum is believed to stimulate bowel motility by activating the cephalic-vagal reflex and by increasing the production of gastrointestinal hormones associated with bowel motility.
The 54 chapters in this medical review begin with a case study of a patient and describe the physiology of the thyroid and adrenals, female and male reproduction, posterior pituitary hormones, pancreas, and gastrointestinal hormones.
He completed a research fellowship in gastrointestinal hormones and physiology at the State University of New York (SUNY) Downstate Medical Center in Brooklyn, N.
Gastrotech Pharma A/S is a biopharmaceutical company focusing on medical applications of gastrointestinal hormones.

Full browser ?