Though there is much controversy regarding these dates, linguistic evidence from the Gathas
- 17 Hymns, the only text attributed directly to Zarathushtra, confirms close parallels with the early Rig Veda, now believed to be composed from about 1,800BC.
It is a custom to lay down a table and place a copy of the Gathas
, a lit lamp or candle, a shallow ceramic plate with sprouted wheat or beans, small bowl with a silver coin, flowers, painted eggs, sweets and rosewater, and a bowl of water containing goldfish in it.
They are almost never referred to by individual names (though see below) in the Gathas
and not at all in the Yasna Haptanhaiti, the other Old Avestan text.
The symbolism is explained nor in the Gathas
or songs of Zarathustra, but in later Pahlavi and Persian books.
Following its origins in Sanskrit, the language of sutras and gathas
, an association with Buddhism developed for regulated verse.
Born at least six centuries before Christ, Zoroaster (ZaraSustra) was a Parsi/Persian credited with the Gathas
, some seventeen hymns or religious poetry that are the sacred texts of the faith and views the human condition as the mental struggle between asa (truth) and druj (lie).
At the same time, religious studies scholars discredited many of the Zoroastrian texts, claiming that only the Gathas
(hymns) dated from the time of the prophet Zoroaster.
En este sentido, los antecedentes mas remotos de la RSE, se relacionan con los argumentos eticos del individuo en comunidad, En Persia por el ano 1767 antes de Cristo, existio el filosofo Zaratrusa, propuso en su tratado Los Gathas
, que cada persona debe servir a la sociedad y al mundo viviente, teniendo en cuenta, "tres principios basicos: buenos pensamientos, buenas palabras y buenas acciones, referentes a la armonia del hombre con la naturaleza" (12).
The stories of his travels and meetings with those seeking enlightenment are laced with Hui Neng's wisdom, aphorisms, lessons, and gathas
, or verses.
Scholars commonly agree that Zartosht was born around 620 BCE and that, at the age of thirty, he called upon people to accept his god Ahura Mazda as the centre of the kingdom of justice, immortality, prosperity, blessing, salvation, and bliss (Yasna, Sepantmad Gatha
, 47:1, 5, 48: 1, 5; Ahunvad Gathas
, 30: 8, 11).
Zarathushtra and his antagonists; a sociolinguistic study with English and German translations of his Gathas
Yet in discussing the word duraosa in the Gathas
, Schwartz notes the sauma is mentioned in the context of burning and he links this with the apotropaic magic of later Iran.