gauge boson

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gauge boson

n.
Any of a subset of bosons that are elementary particles and mediate one of the four fundamental forces of nature. The gauge bosons include the graviton, photon, gluons, and intermediate vector bosons.

gauge boson

n
(Nuclear Physics) physics a boson that mediates the interaction between elementary particles. There are several types: photons for electromagnetic interactions, W and Z intermediate vector bosons for weak interactions, and gravitons for gravitational interactions
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gauge boson - a particle that mediates the interaction of two elementary particles
boson - any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics but not the Pauli exclusion principle; all nuclei with an even mass number are bosons
gluon - a gauge boson that mediates strong interaction among quarks
graviton - a gauge boson that mediates the (extremely weak) gravitational interactions between particles
intermediate vector boson - a gauge boson that mediates weak interactions between particles
photon - a quantum of electromagnetic radiation; an elementary particle that is its own antiparticle
References in periodicals archive ?
Four fundamental forces (Electromagnetic, Weak, Strong and Gravity) acting through corresponding quantum particles known as gauge bosons (photon for electromagnetic, W and Z particles for weak force, gluon for strong force and yet to be discovered illusive graviton for the force of gravity) together are the cause of actions that shape and govern the universe.
Its only piece lacking direct experimental observation is the mechanism of electroweak symmetry breaking, providing with mass the weak gauge bosons and it is related to the appearance of the SM Higgs boson.
Based on (10) in the present paper we will calculate a list of model particle masses which correspond to the main spectral nodes and compare this list with rest masses of well measured stable and fundamental particles--hadrons, leptons, gauge bosons and Higgs bosons.
Beyond the nanoworld; quarks, leptons, and gauge bosons.
BEYOND THE NANOWORLD: Quarks, Leptons, and Gauge Bosons
Planck's initial work evolved into the discipline of quantum physics and led to the discovery of the electron, proton and neutron and the further discovery of even smaller particles having exotic names such as quarks, leptons and gauge bosons.