As Birnbaum observes, Blum was tainted by the overall failures of the interwar Third Republic, and his postwar attempt at offering a "third way" between Communism and Gaullism
quickly failed, too.
(French: Gaullisme) is a French political ideology based on the thought and action of the then Resistance leader and later President Charles de Gaulle.
Despotism" and "autocracy" have been frequently used, but now I see GE[micro]khan Bacyk digging deeper into what he calls "tribalism" and Eumer TaE-pynar attempting to bring to the coining process some sophistication by making -- what, for President Recep Tayyip Erdoy-an, is rather a compliment -- a suggestion on Turkish Gaullism
, stretching the point somewhat.
THE CENTRAL TENET of Gaullism
is self-reliance: The French needed to see themselves as part of a great nation, and should not rely on others for their national security and prosperity.
Some saw the verdict as a campaign against Gaullism
, but it is not this - it is merely a verdict from a judge who wanted to demonstrate his independence from the Public Prosecution, and apply the law in a 20-year-old case.
This fact alone has the potential to significantly erode the remaining vestiges of Gaullism
that causes some in Paris to remain suspicious, if not resentful, of the alliance's role in European affairs.
95) Nevertheless, as the parties of the left sought to reconstitute the spirit of the Popular Front in opposition to Gaullism
, demonstrations at the Place de la Republique helped to constitute a memory of seamless devotion to anti-fascism and to republicanism.
Arguably that struggle died only after Gaullism
, the Second Vatican Council, and a mass exodus of French Catholics from parish churches combined to kill it.
had prevailed, de Gaulle himself had been shaken by the events of spring 1968.
Likewise, growing complex interdependence in the West undermined the hierarchical alliance structures set up in the postwar period by the United States--for example, with the development of Gaullism
The argument in Europe, he suggests, will be about how to respond to America, with a choice between a new form of Gaullism
that seeks to build an independent European superpower and a renewed effort to restore a modified form of the traditional Cold War Atlanticism.
Kojeve was strategically placed to promote anti-American policies in the name of French national interests, Gaullism
or European interests; he was an architect of G.