gauntlet

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gaunt·let 1

also gant·let  (gônt′lĭt, gänt′-)
n.
1. A protective glove, usually extending over some of the forearm, worn as part of medieval armor.
2. Any of various protective gloves, usually with an extended or flared cuff, as used in certain sports such as fencing and motorcycle riding, in cooking to handle hot objects, and other activities.
3. A challenge: throw down the gauntlet; take up the gauntlet.
4. A dress glove cuffed above the wrist.

[Middle English, from Old French gantelet, diminutive of gant, glove, from Frankish *want.]

gaunt·let 2

also gant·let  (gônt′lĭt, gänt′-)
n.
1.
a. A form of punishment or torture in which people armed with sticks or other weapons arrange themselves in two lines facing each other and beat the person forced to run between them.
b. The lines of people so arranged.
2.
a. An arrangement of two lines of menacing or demanding people or things through which one must pass: moved through a gauntlet of shouting reporters.
b. A series of difficult or trying experiences: survived the gauntlet of adolescent humiliations.

[Alteration (influenced by gauntlet) of gantlope, from Swedish gatlopp : gata, lane (from Old Norse; see ghē- in Indo-European roots) + lopp, course, running (from Middle Low German lōp).]
Word History: The two words spelled gauntlet may share associations with medieval violence, but they have separate origins. The word gauntlet used in the idiom to throw down the gauntlet comes from the Old French word gantelet, a diminutive of gant, "glove." (The idiom makes reference to the medieval custom of throwing down a glove in challenging an adversary to combat.) The gauntlet used in to run the gauntlet is an alteration of the earlier English form gantlope, which came from the Swedish word gatlopp, a compound of gata, "lane," and lopp, "course," a word related to lope and leap. The Swedish word for this traditional form of punishment, in which two lines of people beat a person forced to run between them, probably became known to English speakers as a result of the Thirty Years' War. Sweden played a leading role in the coalition of Protestant countries that fought against Spain and the Holy Roman Empire, and at the end of the war, in 1648, the Swedish empire emerged as a great power of Europe. It was during this period of expanding Swedish influence that gatlopp entered English. It seems, however, that from the moment English speakers borrowed the word, they inserted an n into the pronunciation of gatlopp—in the earliest known attestation of the word in English, dating from 1646, it is spelled gantelope. The English word was then influenced by the spelling of the other gauntlet, "a protective glove," eventually leading to the identical spellings used today.

gauntlet

(ˈɡɔːntlɪt) or

gantlet

n
1. (Arms & Armour (excluding Firearms)) a medieval armoured leather glove
2. (Clothing & Fashion) a heavy glove with a long cuff
3. take up the gauntlet to accept a challenge
4. throw down the gauntlet to offer a challenge
[C15: from Old French gantelet, diminutive of gant glove, of Germanic origin]

gauntlet

(ˈɡɔːntlɪt)
n
1. (Historical Terms) a punishment in which the victim is forced to run between two rows of men who strike at him as he passes: formerly a military punishment
2. (Historical Terms) to suffer this punishment
3. to endure an onslaught or ordeal, as of criticism
4. a testing ordeal; trial
5. (Railways) a variant spelling of gantlet11
[C15: changed (through influence of gauntlet1) from earlier gantlope; see gantlet1]

gaunt•let1

(ˈgɔnt lɪt, ˈgɑnt-)

n.
1. a mailed glove worn with a suit of armor to protect the hand.
2. a glove with an extended cuff.
3. the cuff itself.
Idioms:
1. take up the gauntlet, to accept a challenge to fight.
2. throw down the gauntlet, to challenge someone to fight.
[1375–1425; late Middle English gantelet < Middle French, diminutive of gant glove < Germanic *want-; compare Old Norse vǫttr]
gaunt′let•ed, adj.

gaunt•let2

(ˈgɔnt lɪt, ˈgɑnt-)

n.
1. a former punishment, chiefly military, in which the offender was made to run between two rows of men who struck at him with switches or weapons as he passed.
2. the two rows of men administering this punishment.
3. an attack from two or all sides.
4. a severe test; ordeal.
Idioms:
run the gauntlet, to suffer severe criticism or tribulation.
Also, gantlet (for defs. 1, 2, 4).
[1670–80; alter. of gantlope]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gauntlet - to offer or accept a challengegauntlet - to offer or accept a challenge; "threw down the gauntlet"; "took up the gauntlet"
challenge - a call to engage in a contest or fight
2.gauntlet - a glove of armored leathergauntlet - a glove of armored leather; protects the hand
body armor, body armour, cataphract, coat of mail, suit of armor, suit of armour - armor that protects the wearer's whole body
glove - handwear: covers the hand and wrist
3.gauntlet - a glove with long sleeve
glove - handwear: covers the hand and wrist
4.gauntlet - a form of punishment in which a person is forced to run between two lines of men facing each other and armed with clubs or whips to beat the victim
corporal punishment - the infliction of physical injury on someone convicted of committing a crime

gauntlet

noun
throw down the gauntlet issue a challenge, challenge They have thrown down the gauntlet to their competitors.
Translations
ajojahtikujakujanjuoksutaisteluhansikas

gauntlet

[ˈgɔːntlɪt] N [of knight] → guantelete m, manopla f; [of motorcyclist etc] → guante m
to run the gauntlet (Mil, Hist) → correr baquetas
he had to run a gauntlet of abuse as he arrived for the meetingtuvo que aguantar una sarta de improperios a su llegada a la reunión
to throw down/take up the gauntletarrojar/recoger el guante

gauntlet

[ˈgɔːntlɪt] n
[motorcyclist] → gant mpl (à crispin)
to throw down the gauntlet (= make a challenge) → jeter le gant
to pick up the gauntlet (= accept challenge) → relever le gant
to run the gauntlet of → braver
She was forced to run the gauntlet of 300 jeering demonstrators → Elle avait dû braver les huées de 300 manifestants.

gauntlet

1
n
(of armour)Panzerhandschuh m; to throw down/pick up or take up the gauntlet (fig)den Fehdehandschuh hinwerfen/aufnehmen
(= glove)(Stulpen)handschuh m; (= part of glove)Stulpe f

gauntlet

2
n to run the gauntlet (fig)Spießruten laufen; to (have to) run the gauntlet of somethingeiner Sache (dat)ausgesetzt sein

gauntlet

[ˈgɔːntlɪt] n (of knight) → guanto d'armatura, manopola; (of motorcyclist) → guanto
to run the gauntlet of an angry crowd (fig) → sottoporsi al fuoco di fila di una folla ostile
to throw down the gauntlet → gettare il guanto
References in classic literature ?
She wore dogskin gloves, with gauntlets that protected her wrists.
There was a steel head-piece, a cuirass, a gorget and greaves, with a pair of gauntlets and a sword hanging beneath; all, and especially the helmet and breastplate, so highly burnished as to glow with white radiance, and scatter an illumination everywhere about upon the floor.
Next you buckle your greaves on your legs, and your cuisses on your thighs; then come your backplate and your breastplate, and you begin to feel crowded; then you hitch onto the breastplate the half-petticoat of broad overlapping bands of steel which hangs down in front but is scolloped out behind so you can sit down, and isn't any real improvement on an inverted coal scuttle, either for looks or for wear, or to wipe your hands on; next you belt on your sword; then you put your stove-pipe joints onto your arms, your iron gauntlets onto your hands, your iron rat-trap onto your head, with a rag of steel web hitched onto it to hang over the back of your neck -- and there you are, snug as a candle in a candle-mould.
Because I shall wear shining armor and gauntlets of steel, like the other white princes, and ride on a horse.
Greaves and knee-pieces were also of leather backed by steel, and their gauntlets and shoes were of iron plates, craftily jointed, So, with jingle of arms and clatter of hoofs, they rode across the Bridge of Avon, while the burghers shouted lustily for the flag of the five roses and its gallant guard.
his nephew) by one Master Percy Crummles--THEIR last appearances-- and that, incidental to the piece, was a characteristic dance by the characters, and a castanet pas seul by the Infant Phenomenon--HER last appearance--he no longer entertained any doubt; and presenting himself at the stage-door, and sending in a scrap of paper with 'Mr Johnson' written thereon in pencil, was presently conducted by a Robber, with a very large belt and buckle round his waist, and very large leather gauntlets on his hands, into the presence of his former manager.
She carried her head high; her hair was done in the shape of a helmet; she had brass leggings to the knee, brass wire gauntlets to the elbow, a crimson spot on her tawny cheek, innumerable necklaces of glass beads on her neck; bizarre things, charms, gifts of witch-men, that hung about her, glittered and trembled at every step.
We must, then, make a push, and if the Indians or Frenchers are in the narrows, run the gauntlet through these toppling mountains.
Draw your sword and knight me, then I will throw down my gauntlet, to everyone who dares to speak disrespectfully of my king.
However, we returned to those monsters, with fresh wakefulness on my part, and we left their eggs in the sand for the sun to hatch; and we ran away from them, and baffled them by constantly turning, which they were unable to do quickly, on account of their unwieldy make; and we went into the water after them, as natives, and put sharp pieces of timber down their throats; and in short we ran the whole crocodile gauntlet.
After I had run the gauntlet of the begging children, and was just out of ear- shot of the group, I turned round to survey it from a distance.
Our mailed step shall ascend their throne our gauntlet shall wrench the sceptre from their gripe.