genetic engineering

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genetic engineering

n.
Scientific alteration of the structure of genetic material in a living organism. It involves the production and use of recombinant DNA and has been employed to create bacteria that synthesize insulin and other human proteins.

genetic engineer n.

genetic engineering

n
(Genetics) alteration of the DNA of a cell for purposes of research, as a means of manufacturing animal proteins, correcting genetic defects, or making improvements to plants and animals bred by humans

genet′ic engineer′ing


n.
1. the development and application of scientific procedures and technologies that permit direct manipulation of genetic material in order to alter the hereditary traits of a cell, organism, or population.
2. a technique producing unlimited amounts of otherwise unavailable or scarce biological products by introducing DNA from living organisms into bacteria and then harvesting the product, as human insulin produced in bacteria by the human insulin gene. Also called biogenetics.
[1965–70]
genet′ic engineer′, n.

genetic engineering

The science of altering and cloning genes to produce a new trait in an organism or to make a biological substance, such as a protein or hormone. Genetic engineering mainly involves the creation of recombinant DNA, which is then inserted into the genetic material of a cell or virus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.genetic engineering - the technology of preparing recombinant DNA in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and splicing together fragments from more than one organism
biotech, biotechnology - the branch of molecular biology that studies the use of microorganisms to perform specific industrial processes; "biotechnology produced genetically altered bacteria that solved the problem"
Translations
هَنْدّسَه وراثِيَّه
genetické inženýrství
genteknik
génsebészetgéntechnológia
genetické inžinierstvo
genetik mühendisliği

genetic engineering

ningegneria genetica

gene

(dʒiːn) noun
any of the basic elements of heredity, passed from parents to their offspring. If the children are red-haired, one of their parents must have a gene for red hair.
genetic (dʒəˈnetik) adjective
of genes or genetics. a genetic abnormality.
genetic engineering noun
the science of changing the genetic features of animals and plants.
genetics (dʒəˈnetiks) noun singular
the science of heredity.
References in periodicals archive ?
He however, said not all cardiovascular diseases can be treated with genetic manipulation.
Those who practice genetic manipulation, evading requirements for ethical and scientific review and applying genetic tools without full disclosure and informed consent, should certainly be considered guilty of scientific or medical malpractice and professional misconduct.
And the Society for the Protection of Unborn Children said: "The selection of an embryo in this way brings us to the brink of genetic manipulation of offspring.
He personally believes they are genetic manipulation devices.
Through genetic manipulation, the team developed mice without OPN and compared them with wild mice after hanging both groups by their tails for two weeks, eliminating leg stress.
Australian environmental group GeneEthics has raised concerns about the regulation of the project, with its director Bob Phelps saying genetic manipulation of goats was not clearly covered under Australia's voluntary Genetic Manipulation Advisory Committee (GMAC).
The promise to cure disease through human genetic engineering has moved faster on Wall Street and in the media than in basic scientific knowledge of how genes work and how genetic manipulation affects whole organisms as well as their relationships with other organisms.
It its final statement to assembled conference attendees, the group wrote that "new information and insight on the nano-scale order of the lignocellulosic cell wall is needed to advance the opportunities to control the structure, primarily through genetic manipulation of the biosynthetic process.
Golshani does address the question of the urgent need for ethical concern in science and technology especially in light of recent advances such as in the domain of genetic manipulation and environmental degradation.
Or consider biotechnology critic Luke Anderson, who begins a Crossballs debate on genetic manipulation by charging that his opponents are "techno-utopians" who want to create a world in which "those of us who don't have artificial chromosomes" will serve "the gene-rich.
Without entirely closing the door on potential benefits, we want to know a great deal more about genetic manipulation before we let it loose in the countryside.
The science of genetic manipulation offers many opportunities but also poses the risk of creating new varieties that have unknown problems as well as potential benefits.