genome

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ge·nome

 (jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.


ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.

genome

(ˈdʒiːnəʊm) or

genom

n
1. (Genetics) the full complement of genetic material within an organism
2. (Biology) all the genes comprising a haploid set of chromosomes
[C20: from German Genom, from Gen gene + (chromos)ome]
genomic adj

ge•nome

(ˈdʒi noʊm)

n.
a full haploid set of chromosomes with all its genes; the total genetic constitution of a cell or organism.
[1925–30; < German]
ge•no′mic, adj.

ge·nome

(jē′nōm)
The total amount of genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism, including its genes and DNA sequences. The genome of eukaryotes is made up of a single, haploid set of chromosomes that is contained in the nucleus of every cell and exists in two copies in the chromosomes of all cells except reproductive cells. The human genome is made up of about 30,000 genes. ♦ The scientific study of genomes is called genomics (jə-nō′mĭks).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.genome - the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism; the full DNA sequence of an organism; "the human genome contains approximately three billion chemical base pairs"
ordering, ordination, order - logical or comprehensible arrangement of separate elements; "we shall consider these questions in the inverse order of their presentation"
Translations
genom
genomiperimä
génállománygenom
erfðamengi
ゲノム
genoom
genom
genoma
genom
genom

genome

[ˈdʒiːnəʊm] Ngenoma m

genome

[ˈdʒiːnəʊm] ngénome m

genome

n (Biol) → Genom nt

genom

, genome
n. genoma, el conjunto básico completo de cromosomas haploides en un organismo.

genome

n genoma m; human — genoma humano
References in periodicals archive ?
5, 2002 Nature illustrate how the marriage of the mouse and human genomes may illuminate aspects of human health.
senior member, Basic Science Division at Fox Chase Cancer Center: "Understanding the mechanical and regulatory mechanisms that allow cells to duplicate and separate their genomes is fundamentally important for improving cancer treatment.
Although these sequences are specific to the rice and rice blast genomes, they will provide a model system for understanding host-pathogen interactions in other cereals and staple food crops," says Ralph Dean, director of the North Carolina State University Fungal Genomics Laboratory and leader of the group that sequenced the M.
To understand the human and other mammalian genomes, we need to sequence a lot of them," Lindblad-Toh says.
Intraspecies sequence comparisons for annotating genomes.
We performed similarity plot analysis using the consensus genome sequence of HEV71 subgenotype B3 isolates against several potential parental genomes, including all available HEV-A, and confirmed conflicting genome profiles resembling a pattern of recombination for the two subgenotype B3 isolates (Figure 2).
Established in 2000, 454 Life Sciences develops technologies and tools to sequence whole genomes using a massively parallel, scalable platform that compresses the time, cost, sample preparation, and space required to determine the nucleotide sequence of whole genomes.
This in itself suggests that the vast differences between humans and milkweeds must be caused by far more than what we can see in their differing genomes.
What's more, Celera is sequencing the genomes of six men and women of differing ethnic backgrounds to find single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs).
Knome, a life sciences company that interprets genomes to identify the genetic factors that influence disease risk, cancer progression and drug response, today announced the release of kGAP 2.
With the rat, mouse, and human genome sequences now completed, comparative genomics--identifying the essential functional and structural components of the human genome by comparing it with the genomes of other organisms--is positioned for rapid acceleration.
Although smaller than most organisms; polydnavirus genomes are difficult to analyze.