Novalis

(redirected from Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg)
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No·va·lis

 (nō-vä′lĭs) Pen name of Friedrich von Hardenberg. 1772-1801.
German philosopher and writer whose works, including the poem cycle Hymns to the Night (1800), combine refined spiritual longing and romantic emotional intensity.

Novalis

(German noˈvaːlɪs)
n
(Biography) real name Friedrich von Hardenberg. 1772–1801, German romantic poet. His works include the mystical Hymnen an die Nacht (1797; published 1800) and Geistliche Lieder (1799)
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Attention to the literary relations between America and Germany, played out in reviews on the pages of magazines and periodicals, suggest that Hawthorne indeed had some exposure to Novalis, who wrote under the pen name of Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg.