One essay written in 1850, "Das Judenthum in der Musik" ("Jewishness in Music") criticized Jewish musical rivals ike Giacomo Meyerbeer
and claimed that the Jews (an "alien" race) were destructive to German society and culture and that most Germans were "repelled" by Jews.
Rather than hating his imagined opponents--notably Mendelssohn and Giacomo Meyerbeer
, both of whom had shown him goodwill--because they were Jews, Wagner seems to have done the opposite: invoked their Jewishness because he hated them.
Exemplified by the operas of Giacomo Meyerbeer
, French Grand Opera was among the dominant styles of the early nineteenth century.
and Jacques Offenbach were born in Germany but lived in France.
Johann Sebastian Bach used it in his Cantata #80 (1730), Felix Mendelssohn in his Reformation Symphony (1830), Richard Wagner in Kaisermarch (1871) and Giacomo Meyerbeer
in Les Huguenots (1836).
Throughout this survey, we find universally familiar names, such as Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy and Giacomo Meyerbeer
, George Frideric Handel and Ludwig van Beethoven (vis-a-vis their relationship to Jews), as well as names particularly known to Jewish music scholars, such as Salomon Sulzer and Isaac Nathan--just to name a few.
The story of this intriguing character is set to music by a German composer, Giacomo Meyerbeer
and was first performed in Paris on the 25th April in 1865 to rapturous applause.
Letellier (Trinity College, Cambridge, UK) studies the operas of composer Giacomo Meyerbeer
(1791-1864), aiming to bring more focus to those that are lesser known.