gibbsite


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Related to gibbsite: goethite, diaspore, boehmite, Brucite

gibbsite

(ˈɡɪbzaɪt)
n
(Minerals) a mineral consisting of hydrated aluminium oxide: a constituent of bauxite and a source of alumina. Formula: Al(OH)3
[C19: named after George Gibbs (died 1833), American mineralogist]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gibbsite - white crystalline mineral consisting of aluminum hydroxide; a constituent of bauxite and a source of alumina
mineral - solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
bauxite - a clay-like mineral; the chief ore of aluminum; composed of aluminum oxides and aluminum hydroxides; used as an abrasive and catalyst
aluminium hydroxide, aluminum hydroxide, hydrated aluminium oxide, hydrated aluminum oxide - white crystalline compound that occurs naturally as the mineral gibbsite
References in periodicals archive ?
The hump near 300[degrees]C in Figure 3a and near 350[degrees]C in Figure 3b can be assigned to the dehydroxylation of gibbsite (y-Al(OH)3) present in the dawsonite sample [2, 13].
In some cases, the chemical formula of bauxite is closer to Gibbsite.
The available alumina and reactive silica results quoted are based on low temperature bomb analysis (143AC), and the results indicate that the majority of alumina present is as the tri-hydrate mineral gibbsite.
It is a shallow deposit with the dominant mineral being gibbsite.
They organized the material along the same outline as well, discussing the formation and properties of gibbsite, describing the experimental data that constrain surface-complexation models and the procedure followed to extract model constants from the data, examining the potentiometric titration data fitting and surface acidity constant extraction for gibbsite, presenting the available cation and anion sorption data for gibbsite and the results of fitting the data with the generalized model, and investigating linear free energy relationships for identifying trends in sorption data and predicting surface-complexation constants for conditions not yet studied experimentally.
The mineralogy of the clay fraction of these soils is characterised by the prominence of kaolin, hematite, goethite, gibbsite, and titanium oxides (Fontes and Weed 1991; Singh and Gilkes 1992b; Melo et al.
Quartz is common in the JSO-1: JSO2 mixed soils including the plagioclase and gibbsite (Terashima et al.
Hydrothermally altered basaltic volcaniclastic rocks hosting rich concentrations of almost pure gibbsite have also been found in suspected near-vent locations within parts of these domes yielding Al values as high as 59% and Si values as low as 1.
It was historically used as an ore of aluminum and later in the electrolytic processing of the aluminum rich oxide ore bauxite (itself a combination of aluminum oxide minerals such as gibbsite, boehmite and diaspore).
In Figure 7 the electrokinetic behaviour of kaolinite and halloysite is compared with gibbsite and silica.
In the literature, nanoencapsulation of colloidal nanoparticles has included metals (Au, Ag, Fe/Fe2O3), semiconductors (CdS, ZnS, CdSe/ZnSe), polymers (polystyrene, polydimethylsiloxane), and inorganic oxides (boehmite rods, gibbsite platelets).