However, due to environmental & ecological effects of EDTA, NTA & other classical chelating agents, consumers are shifting their focus towards biodegradable chelating agents such as gluconic
acid & glucoheptonic acids.
Citric acid, GLDA, MGDA, EDDS, IDS, gluconic
acid, and glucoheptonates are to be more environmentally friendly.
The enzymes then converted the glucose into gluconic
acid, consuming oxygen all the while.
Catabolic response profiles were measured according to Degens and Harris (1997) by short-term respiration responses (4 h at 25[degrees]C) of soil to the addition of 20 simple organic compounds (D-glucosamine, L-glutamine, L-arginine, L-glutamic acid, L-histidine, L-lysine, L-serine, D-glucose, D-mannose, L-ascorbic acid, citric acid, tartaric acid, gluconic
acid, [alpha]-ketobutyric acid, [alpha]-ketoglutaric acid, DL-malic acid, malonic acid, pantothenic acid, quinic acid and uric acid).
The acetic acid bacteria also utilize glucose to produce gluconic
acid to approximately 2%.
The protons of gluconic
acid are the major factor responsible for the dissolution of tricalcium phosphate by Burkholderia cepacia CC-A174.
It does provide a tremendous amount of immune-enhancing and other health-promoting compounds such as beta-glucans, polyphenols, and various organic acids like gluconic
acid, propionic acid, and malic acid.
Each nanoparticle contains spheres of dextran loaded with an enzyme that converts glucose into gluconic
Conversely, citramalic acid, glycine, gluconic
acid lactone, phenylalanine, and palmitoleic acid were either higher or lower in nonobese vs obese women irrespective of PCOS (Fig.
Basically, glucose is oxidized to gluconic
acid and [H.
play a dominant role particularly due to their ability to use glucose from the meat in the ED pathway to produce gluconic
acid and 2-oxogluconate under aerobic conditions.
Although some of black Aspergilli cause food spoilage, several are used in the fermentation industry to produce hydrolytic enzymes, such as amylases or lipases, and organic acids, such as citric acid and gluconic