glutamine

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Related to Glutamine synthetase: glutaminase, glutamate synthase

glu·ta·mine

 (glo͞o′tə-mēn′)
n.
A nonessential amino acid, C5H10N2O3, occurring widely in plant and animal tissue and proteins and produced commercially for use in medicine and biochemical research.

glutamine

(ˈɡluːtəˌmiːn; -mɪn)
n
(Biochemistry) a nonessential amino acid occurring in proteins: plays an important role in protein metabolism
[C19: from glut(en) + -amine]

glu•ta•mine

(ˈglu təˌmin, -mɪn)

n.
a crystalline amino acid, C5H10N2O3, related to glutamic acid and found in many plant and animal proteins. Abbr.: Gln; Symbol: Q
[1880–85; glut(en) + amine]

glu·ta·mine

(glo͞o′tə-mēn′)
A nonessential amino acid. See more at amino acid.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glutamine - a crystalline amino acid occurring in proteins; important in protein metabolism
amino acid, aminoalkanoic acid - organic compounds containing an amino group and a carboxylic acid group; "proteins are composed of various proportions of about 20 common amino acids"
Translations
glutamine
glutamina

glutamine

n glutamina
References in periodicals archive ?
The multifunctional effects of combinations include inhibition of inflammatory cytokine production and proteasome activity in cancer cells, induction of apoptosis and essential enzymes such as superoxide dismutase and glutamine synthetase, and epigenetic regulation by affecting DNA methyltransferase.
In normal liver, glutamine synthetase (GS) expression is restricted to centrilobular (zone 3) hepatocytes, (125) positive in only one to a few hepatic plates around central veins (Figure 6, A, inset).
The research studied the influence of time periods and doses of nitrogen fertilizers on the activity of glutamine synthetase enzyme (GS), content of ammonia in the leaves, photosynthetic activity of planting and yield capacity of spring wheat grain.
Nitrate (NO -) is converted to amino acids by nitrate reductase (NR), glutamine synthetase (GS), and glutamate synthase (GOGAT).
Functionalized 3-amino-imidazo[12-a]pyridines: a novel class of drug-like Mycobacterium tuberculosis glutamine synthetase inhibitors.
Glutamine is the most abundant amino acid within the human body and is synthesized de novo from glutamate and ammonia in a wide variety of tissues containing glutamine synthetase.
smegmatis was found identical with Glutamine Synthetase (GS) (5).
Glufosinate: Glufosinate inhibits glutamine synthetase and nitrogen metabolism in plants (Leason et al.
It is proved that the activity of reductase nitrate, dehydrogenase glutamate, and glutamine synthetase and Trans aminase glutamicpirovic increased by Ti[O.
A key detoxification enzyme in astrocytes, glutamine synthetase (GS) can detoxify the exitotoxins glutamate and ammonia and its expression is modulated by changes in the surroundings of astrocytes.

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