External bile acid standards, including cholic acid (CA), lithocholic acid (LCA), chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA), deoxycholic acid (DCA), ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA), [alpha]-muricholic acid ([alpha]MCA), [beta]-muricholic acid ([beta]MCA), [omega]-muricholic acid ([omega]MCA), glycocholic
acid (GCA), glycochenodeoxycholic acid (GCDCA), taurocholic acid (TCA), taurodeoxycholic acid (TDCA), tauro chenodeoxycholic acid (TCDCA), taurolithocholic acid (TLCA), tauro-[alpha]-muricholic acid (T[alpha]MCA), and tauro-[beta]-muricholic acid (T[beta]MCA), were purchased from Sigma-Aldrich.
Both species present cholesterol, dehydrocholic, lithocholic, quenodeoxicholic, deoxicholic and cholic, but we could differentiate the two species by the presence of glycocholic
and a spot between cholic and chenodeoxycholic in the bile acid profile of puma.
acidophilus is capable to deconjucate glycocholic
and taurocholic acids under anaerobic condition.
A CBA (conjugated bile acids) kit was obtained from Sigma, and sodium salts of glycochenodeoxycholic acid, glycocholic
acid, taurochenodeoxycholic acid, and taurocholic acid were used for this study.
2] exhalations (%) in the triolein (TBT) and glycocholic
acid (GABT) breath tests [mean (SD)] in controls, and heart failure patients with (CC) and without (NON-CC) cardiac cachexia Controls CC NON-CC (n = 29) (n = 29) (n = 14) TBT(**) 12.
Phenylpyruvic acid, indole3-carbinol, and glycocholic
acid positively correlate with the B2 (p_Cyanobacteria;f_ unassigned), B5 (p_Firmicutes;f_unassigned), and B7 (p_Firmicutes;f_Clostridiaceae) families, respectively, whereas dihydrodaidzein negatively correlates with the B8 family (p_Firmicutes;f_Clostridiales Family XIII Incertae Sedis).