Gnathostoma


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Related to Gnathostoma: Gnathostoma doloresi

Gna`thos´to`ma


n. pl.1.(Zool.) A comprehensive division of vertebrates, including all that have distinct jaws, in contrast with the leptocardians and marsipobranchs (Cyclostoma), which lack them.
References in periodicals archive ?
Results may be affected by factors such as geographic location, differences in healthcare access, and the contribution of other causes of eosinophilic meningitis, such as Gnathostoma spinigerum nematodes.
El genero Gnathostoma spp presenta varias especies que son frecuentemente detectadas en vertebrados, y que pueden infectar al humano mediante la ingestion de carnes crudas o semicrudas de hospedadores secundarios infectados (pescados, ranas, serpientes e incluso pollos).
Jagerskiold, 1909 (Dioctophymatidae); Gnathostoma gracilis (Diesing, 1839) (Gnathostomidae); Goezia spinulosa (Diesing, 1839) (Anisakidae); Nilonema senticosum (Baylis, 1927) (Philometridae); Terranova serrata (Drasche, 1884) (Anisakidae) and Rumai rumai Travassos, 1960 (Philometridae) (Vicente et al.
In order to describe the biology and life cycle of Gnathostoma nematodes; and the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, management, and prevention of human gnathostomiasis, Internet search engines, including PubMed, Medline, Ovid, Google[R], and Google Scholar[R], were queried with the key medical subject heading (MESH) words, "infections, helminthic; Helminthiasis, gnathosomiasis, neurognathostomiasis; nematode parasites, Gnathostoma species.
Nematode species infecting the skin include Gnathostoma and the filarial species, Loa loa, Onchocerca volvulus, Mansonella streptocerca and Dirofilaria spp [3].
In the Asian countries that are shipping these eels, infection causing Gnathostoma spinigerum nematodes are common among the farmed as well as wild monopterus eels.
Among the parasitic diseases included here is gnathostomiasis--caused by the Asian nematode Gnathostoma spinigerum.
The most common nematodes to consider include Strongyloides stercoralis as part of a hyperinfection syndrome, Toxocara species or less commonly Baylisascaris species as agents of visceral larva migrans, or other nematode worms that may involve the CNS such as Angiostrongylus and Gnathostoma species.
1) They can be divided into intestinal and tissue-dwelling roundworms, and further into those parasitic to humans only or zoonotic infections, where the adult worms parasitise animals and humans are accidental hosts (Toxocara canis, Angiostrongylus species, Gnathostoma species, and Trichinella spiralis).
Other genera of nematodes that cause CLM include Uncinaria, Bunostomum, Gnathostoma, and Capillaria.