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Cal·va·ry 1

 (kăl′və-rē, kăl′vrē) also Gol·go·tha (gŏl′gə-thə, gŏl-gŏth′ə)
A hill outside ancient Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified.

Cal·va·ry 2

also cal·va·ry (kăl′və-rē)
n. pl. Cal·va·ries also cal·va·ries
1. A sculptured depiction of the Crucifixion.
2. calvary A great ordeal.

[French calvaire, from Calvaire, Calvary (hill). Sense 2, from Calvary1.]


n, pl -ries
1. (Art Terms) (often capital) a representation of Christ's crucifixion, usually sculptured and in the open air
2. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) any experience involving great suffering


(Bible) the place just outside the walls of Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified. Also called: Golgotha
[from Late Latin Calvāria, translation of Greek kranion skull, translation of Aramaic gulgulta Golgotha]


(ˈkæl və ri)

n., pl. -ries.
1. the place where Jesus was crucified, near Jerusalem. Luke 23:33, Matt. 27:33.
2. (often l.c.) a representation of the Crucifixion.
3. (l.c.) an experience of extreme suffering.
[< Late Latin Calvāria; Latin: skull, translation of Greek kraníon, itself a translation of the Aramaic name; see Golgotha]
pron: See irrelevant.


A representation of the crucifixion.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.calvary - a hill near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucifiedCalvary - a hill near Jerusalem where Jesus was crucified
capital of Israel, Jerusalem - capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel (although its status as capital is disputed); it was captured from Jordan in 1967 in the Six Day War; a holy city for Jews and Christians and Muslims; was the capital of an ancient kingdom
2.calvary - any experience that causes intense suffering
affliction - a cause of great suffering and distress


[ˈkælvərɪ] NCalvario m


Golgatha nt, → Kalvarienberg m
calvaryBildstock m, → Marterl nt (S Ger, Aus)
References in periodicals archive ?
Gombosi's catalogue contains forty-five works, but another work has since been discovered and identified: Die Feyer der Christen auf Golgatha (1786), by Johann Gottfried Schicht (1753-1823), conductor of the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra and cantor of the Thomanerchor.
A well known example is the bass aria, "Eilt, ihr angefochtnen Seele," from the Johannes-Passion, in which the voice leaps up an augmented 4th to a sharpened note on the words "nach Golgatha," every time the chorus asks "Wohin?
The Catholic Church taught that copies of places like Golgatha should be as efficacious as the original, and thus the copies too became destinations for pilgrimage.