government

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gov·ern·ment

 (gŭv′ərn-mənt)
n.
1. The act or process of governing, especially the control and administration of public policy in a political unit.
2. The office, function, or authority of a governing individual or body.
3. Exercise of authority in a political unit; rule.
4. The agency or apparatus through which a governing individual or body functions and exercises authority.
5. A governing body or organization, as:
a. The ruling political party or coalition of political parties in a parliamentary system.
b. The cabinet in a parliamentary system.
c. The persons who make up a governing body.
6. A system or policy by which a political unit is governed.
7. Administration or management of an organization, business, or institution.
8. Political science.
9. Grammar The influence of a word over the morphological inflection of another word in a phrase or sentence.

gov′ern·men′tal (-mĕn′tl) adj.
gov′ern·men′tal·ly adv.
Usage Note: In American usage government always takes a singular verb. In British usage government, in the sense of a governing group of officials, takes a plural verb: The government are determined to follow this course. See Usage Note at collective noun.

government

(ˈɡʌvənmənt; ˈɡʌvəmənt)
n
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the exercise of political authority over the actions, affairs, etc, of a political unit, people, etc, as well as the performance of certain functions for this unit or body; the action of governing; political rule and administration
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the system or form by which a community, etc, is ruled: tyrannical government.
3. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy)
a. the executive policy-making body of a political unit, community, etc; ministry or administration: yesterday we got a new government.
b. (capital when of a specific country): the British Government.
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy)
a. the state and its administration: blame it on the government.
b. (as modifier): a government agency.
5. regulation; direction
6. (Linguistics) grammar the determination of the form of one word by another word
governmental adj
ˌgovernˈmentally adv

gov•ern•ment

(ˈgʌv ərn mənt, -ər mənt)

n.
1. the political direction and control exercised over the actions of the members, citizens, or inhabitants of communities, societies, and states; direction of the affairs of a community, etc.
2. the form or system of rule by which a state, etc., is governed: monarchical government.
3. the governing body of persons in a state, community, etc.
4. a branch or service of the supreme authority of a state or nation, taken as representing the whole.
5. (in some parliamentary systems, as that of the United Kingdom)
a. the particular group of persons forming the cabinet at any given time: The Prime Minister has formed a new government.
b. the parliament along with the cabinet.
6. direction; control; management.
7. a district governed; province.
9. a relationship between two words in a sentence such that the use of one word requires the other to be of a particular form.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Old French governement. See govern, -ment]
gov`ern•men′tal (-ˈmɛn tl) adj.
gov`ern•men′tal•ly, adv.
usage: See collective noun.

Government


the theory and exercise of complete and unrestricted power in government. See also autarchy, autocracy, despotism, dictatorship, monarchy, oligarchy. — absolutist, n., adj.absolutistic. adj.
1. a political theory advocating the elimination of governments and governmental restraint and the substitution of voluntary cooperation among individuals.
2. the methods and practices of anarchists. Cf. Nihilism.anarchist, n.anarchic, adj.
an absence of government and law; political disorder, often accompanied by violence. See also order and disorder.
rule by angels.
Rare. the principle of opposition to all forms of government, or to all restraint of individuals by laws. — antarchist, n.antarchistic, adj.
the policy of strict racial segregation and political and economie discrimination against non-whites practiced in the Republic of South Africa.
1. the science of government.
2. the science of origins.
rule by that group which holds the numerical majority in a state. — arithmocratic, adj.
1. an absolute sovereignty.
2. an autocratic government.
3. autarky. — autarch, n.autarchie, autarchical, adj.
1. a government in which one person has unrestricted control over others.
2. a country with an autocratic system. — autocrat, n.autocratic, adj.
1. the power or right of self-government.
2. a self-governing community. Cf. heteronymy.autonomous, adj.
the rule of a nation, state, or community by two persons.
1. a legislative body having two branches, houses, or chambers.
2. advocacy of bicameral structure. Cf. unicameralism.bicameralist, n.bicameral, adj.
the state of being composed of members of two parties or of two parties cooperating, as in government. — bipartisan, adj.
the domination of areas in Spanish and Latin America by local political bosses. Also caciquismo.
the practices of the carpetbaggers, Northerners who, after the Civil War, sought private gain in the South from the Reconstruction government. — carpetbaggery, n.
the doctrines and policies of Fidel Castro, communist premier of Cuba.
a system, especially in government, in which power and administration are concentrated in a central group or institution. — centralist, n., adj.centralistic, adj.
a system with one thousand rulers.
rule by a single race.
the implementation of various political, economic, and social policies to enable a state to maintain or extend its authority and control over other territories. — colonialist, n., adj.colonialistic, adj.
International Law. a joint sovereignty over a colony or dependent territory by several states. — condominate, v.
a system in which the powers of a monarch are defined and limited by law.
control of the whole world.
the control of a governmental system by ten persons. Also called decadarchy.
a form of government in which sovereign power resides in the people and is exercised by them or by officers they elect to represent them. Cf. republicanism.democrat, n.democratic, adj.
1. the power of demons.
2. government or rule by demons. — demonocratic, adj.
1. a form of government with a ruler having absolute authority; autocracy.
2. a system ruled by a tyrant or dictator having absolute, usually oppressive power. — despot, n.despotic, adj.
a government controlled by two rulers; biarchy. — diarch, dyarch, n.
1. a despotic system ruled by a dictator possessing absolute power and absolute authority.
2. the office of a dictator. — dictatorial, adj.
Rare. a government controlled by slaves.
government by two persons.
1. a position in government held jointly by two men.
2. the two people holding such a position.
1. a system of government in which a sequence of rulers is derived from the same family, group, or stock.
2. the reign of such a sequence. — dynast, dynasty, n.
the belief or practice that government should be by a self-appointed group who consider themselves superior to those governed by virtue of their higher birth. — elitist, n., adj.
a centralized government.
a government controlled by workers.
the rank and position of a governor of a province or people. — ethnarch, n.
the quality of being a clique or combination, as within a larger organization. Also called factionalism.factionist, n.factionary, adj.
1. the tenets of a centralized, totalitarian, and nationalistic government that strictly controls finance, industry, and commerce, practices rigid censorship and racism, and eliminates opposition through secret police.
2. such a government, as that of Italy under Mussolini. — fascist, n.fascistic, adj.
language typical of the federal government, especially bureau-cratie jargon.
1. a union of states under a central government distinct from that of the separate states, who retain certain individual powers under the central government.
2. (cap.) the principles of the American Federalist party, especially its emphasis during the early years of the U.S. on a strong central government. — federalist, n., adj.federalistic, adj.
a European system flourishing between 800-1400 based upon fixed relations of lord to vassal and all lands held in fee (as from the king), and requiring of vassal-tenants homage and service. Also feudality.feudal, feudalistic, adj.
government or domination of society by fools.
the system in which the rulers are old men.
a theory that advocates the extension of governmental activity. — governmentalist, n.
1. a system of government by priests.
2. a state so governed.
1. a system of rule by persons considered holy.
2. a state so governed.
a system of rule by 100 persons.
1. government by seven persons.
2. a group or confederacy of seven political units.
3. English History. the seven principal concurrent early English kingdoms. — heptarch, heptarchist, n.heptarchal, heptarchic, heptarchical, adj.
1. the state or condition of being ruled, governed, or under the sway of another, as in a military occupation.
2. the state or condition of being under the influence or domination, in a moral, spiritual, or similar sense, of another person, entity, force, etc. Cf. autonomy.heteronomous, adj.
a group or confederacy of six political units.
the system of government or authority of a hierarchy. — hierarchization, n.hierarchial, adj.
a government in which there is equality of power among all the people. — isocrat, n.isocratic, adj.
government by Jesuits.
a fascistic theory of government in Argentina under the Peron administration involving government intervention and economic control to ensure social justice and public welfare; Peronism.
a system of rule by the worst men.
a state in which the worst possible conditions exist in government, society, law, etc. See also utopia.
Rare. the rule, over ancient Israel, of the judges.
a supporter of legitimate authority, especially of claims to a throne based on the rights of heredity. — legitimism, n.
1. the system of manorial social and political organization, as in the Middle Ages.
2. Sometimes Pejorative. any small, strong unit of local political and social organization.
1. a matriarchal form of government.
2. a family, tribe, or other social group ruled by a matriarch or matriarchs. — matriarchic, adj.
a society organized with the mother or oldest female as head of the tribe or clan, with descent being traced through the female line. — matriarch, n.matriarchal, adj.
government or dominance of society by the mediocre.
government by the mob; the mob as ruler or dominant force in society. — mobocratic, adj.
1. a person who advocates government by the mob.
2. a member of a mobocracy.
the doctrines and principles of a monarchical government. — monarchist, n.monarchical, adj.
1. a governmental system in which supreme power is actually or nominally held by a monarch.
2. supreme power and authority held by one person; autocracy. — monarchie, monarchical, adj.
government or domination of society by the rich.
a system ruled by one person; autocracy.
1. the process of self-government by cities, towns, or municipalities.
2. a doctrine advocating such government. — municipalist, n.
a system controlled by ten thousand rulers.
the adherence to the doctrines of Napoleon and his dynasty. — Napoleonist, n.Napoleonic, adj.
a government by amateurs.
the principles of a Russian revolutionary movement in the late 19th century, advocating the destruction of government as a means to anarchy and of ten employing terrorism and assassination to assist its program. — nihilist, n., adj.nihilistic, adj.
a provincial system of government, as in modern Greece, under officials called nomarchs.
2. the office or jurisdiction of a nomarch. Also called nome.
a policy under which government regulation of private industry is reduced or nonexistent. — noninterventionist, n., adj.
1. a system of rule by a few persons.
2. the people who form such a government. — oligarch, n.oligarchie, oligarchical, adj.
the office of or territory governed by a nobleman with royal privileges.
Rare. a realm or dominion that includes the universe.
a utopian community where all are equal and all rule. — pantisocratist, n.pantisocratic, pantisocratical, adj.
a system in which power is held by the printed media.
advocacy of the parliamentary system of government. — parliamentarian, n., adj.
fatherlike control over subordinates in government. — paternalist, n.paternalistic, adj.
a patriarchal government in a society or a church. — patriarchist, n.
a society organized to give supremacy to the father or the oldest male in governing a family, tribe, or clan. — patriarch, n.
rule or government by pedants; domination of society by pedants.
justicialism.
1. the rule of the rich or wealthy.
2. the rich or wealthy who govern under such a system. Also called plousiocracy.plutocrat, n.
1. government by many rulers.
2. the condition of being polyarch. — polyarchist, n.polyarchical, adj.
the state of relating to the administration or lifestyle of Pretoria, South Africa.
the theories, actions, and principles of the Prussians. — Prussian, n., adj.
a system of rule by the poor.
the civil government of Italy, as contrasted with the papal government of the Vatican. Quirinal, adj.
the tenets of royal supremacy, especially in church affairs.
the principles of a theory of government in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and exercised by representatives they elect directly or indirectly and by an elected or nominated president.
the action taken and the policies followed by a government determined to recover a lost territory. — revanche, n.revanchist, n., adj.
the customs of Saba, an ancient Arabic kingdom that flourished from 950 to 115 B.C. — Sabaean, adj.
Persian Empire, the system of provincial governments ruled by satraps, each of whom answered to the Persian emperor.
an excessive devotion to the interests of one particular section of a country or community. — sectionalist, n.
a feudal social and economic system in which persons of the lower class are bound to the soil, subject to the will of and service for their lord, and transferable to the new owner if the land is sold or otherwise deeded. Also serfdom.
a theory of government based upon the ownership and control of capital, land, and means of production by the community as a whole.
collective government or government by society as a whole.
1. the soviet system of government and the principles and practices of such a government.
2. a policy, action, etc., typical of the Soviet Union. — Sovietist, sovietist, n., adj.
1. the principle of concentrating major political and economic controls in the state.
2. the support of the sovereignty of the state. — statist, n., adj.
a system of rule by the military.
an early Irish rule of succession in which the successor to a Celtic chief was chosen from among eligible males during the chief’s lifetime. — tanist, n.
1. a theory and movement of the 1930s advocating the control of production and distribution by technicians and engineers.
2. a system of government based on this theory. — technocrat, n.technocratic, adj.
1. the Roman practice of dividing authority over provinces among four governors.
2. a system of rule by four authorities. — tetrarch, tetrarchate, n.tetrarchic, tetrarchical, adj.
1. a system of government by God or a god.
2. an order or system of deities. — thearchic, adj.
1. a system of government in which God or a deity is held to be the civil ruler; thearchy.
2. a system of government by priests; hagiarchy.
3. a state under such a form of rule. — theocrat, n.theocratic, adj.
1. Platonism. a state in which a love of honor and glory is the guiding principle of the rulers.
2. Aristotelianism. a state in which the ownership of property is a qualification for office. — timocratie, timocratical, adj.
Ancient History. a small state or division of a larger state, as Judea.
1. a system of highly centralized government in which one political party or group takes control and grants neither recognition nor tolerance to other political groups.
2. autocracy in one of its several varieties.
3. the character or traits of an autocratic or authoritarian individual, party, government, or state. — totalitarian, n., adj.
1. the rule of a nation, state, or community by three persons.
2. a set of three joint rulers. Usually called triumvirate.
3. a country divided into three governments.
4. a group of three districts or three countries, each under its own ruler.
1. the customs, life, and organization of a tribal society.
2. a strong loyalty to one’s tribe, party, or group.
the former Chinese practice of governing provinces through warlords, or tuchuns.
1. a representative form of government with a single legislative chamber.
2. an advocacy of unicameral structure. — unicameralist, n.unicameral, adj.
the state of being one-sided. — unilaterality, n.unilateralist, adj.
1. the feudal system of lands held in fee and of mandatory vassaltenant homage, fealty, and service.
2. the condition of a person owing homage and fealty to a superior; vassalage.
local government by assemblies of parishioners, usually meeting in the vestry of the church. Also vestrydom.vestryish, adj.

Government

 

See Also: LAW, POLITICS

  1. An administration, like a machine, does not create. It carries on —Antoine de Saint-Éxupéry
  2. Any government, like any family, can for a year spend a little more than it earns. But … continuance of that habit means the poorhouse —Franklin D. Roosevelt, July 30, 1932
  3. The balance of power our founding fathers so brilliantly contrived … has functioned like a gyroscope to keep us from plunging irretrievably into anarchy or despotism —John R. Stockwell, New York Times/Op-Ed, December 14, 1986 Stockwell’s simile was part of his argument for open hearings on Colonel Oliver North.
  4. The Constitution is an experiment, as all life is an experiment —Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.
  5. Democracy is like a raft. It never goes down but, dammit, your feet are always wet —Fisher Ames
  6. Government is like that old definition of a baby: an enormous appetite at one end and no sense of responsibility at the other —Ronald Reagan, 1986 speech
  7. Government … like fire it is a dangerous servant and a fearful master; never for a moment should it be left to irresponsible action —George Washington
  8. Governments are like men, more or less suspicious according to their temperaments —Punch, 1844
  9. Governments, like clocks, go from the motions men give them, and as governments are made and moved by men, so by them they are ruined also —William Penn
  10. A great empire, like a great cake, is most easily diminished at the edges —Benjamin Franklin
  11. The life of governments is like that of man. The latter has a right to kill in case of natural defence: the former have a right to wage war for their own preservation —Charles de Secondat Montesquieu
  12. Like a funeral or a marriage, an administration in the making creates disparate relationships and revives forgotten alliances —Maurice Edelman Edelman put this simile into the mind of the fictional hero of his novel, Disraeli Rising.
  13. Like clowns, they [royalty] amuse the people, even with their funerals —Marie, Queen of Romania
  14. Like knights in search of the Holy Grail, lawmakers are always looking for painless ways to raise revenues —David E. Rosenbaum, New York Times/Op-Ed, March 5, 1986
  15. A monarchy is like a man-of-war, bad shots between wind and water hurt it exceedingly; there is danger of capsizing. But democracy is a raft. You cannot easily overturn it —Joseph Cook
  16. Monarchy is like a sleek craft, it sails along well until some bumbling captain runs it into the rocks —Fisher Ames, English Tory, former monarchist, quoted Money Magazine
  17. A nation … is like a body contained within a circle, having a common center, in which every radius meets; and that center is formed by representation —Thomas Paine
  18. Nations are as a drop in a bucket —The Holy Bible/Isaiah
  19. Nations are like olives. To gentle pressure they respond with sweet oil, to hard pressure with bitter oil —Ludwig Boerne
  20. No nation can survive if government becomes like the man who in winter began to burn the wall boards of his house to keep warm until he had no house left —Ronald Reagan, on controlling government spending, annual address to annual conference of the International Monetary Fund and World Bank, September 30, 1986
  21. States, like men, have their growth, their manhood, their decrepitude, their decay —Walter Savage Landor
  22. States, like men, never protest their honor loudly unless they have a bad case to argue —Harold J. Laski
  23. The superpowers often behave like two heavily armed blind men feeling their way around a room, each believing himself in mortal peril from the other whom he assumes to have perfect vision —Henry Kissinger
  24. (It’s all papers and forms,) the entire Civil Service is like a fortress made of papers, forms and red tape —Alexander Ostrovsky

government

The government of a country is the group of people responsible for ruling it. After government you can use either a singular or plural form of a verb.

The government has had to cut back on public expenditure.
The government have made up their minds that they are going to win no matter what.

Note that in American English, a singular form of the verb is usually used with government. Note also that when talking about the US president and the people he appoints to help him govern, speakers of American English use the word administration.

He pledged that his administration will consult with allies and Congress.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.government - the organization that is the governing authority of a political unitgovernment - the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit; "the government reduced taxes"; "the matter was referred to higher authorities"
governing, government activity, government, governance, administration - the act of governing; exercising authority; "regulations for the governing of state prisons"; "he had considerable experience of government"
polity - a politically organized unit
authoritarian regime, authoritarian state - a government that concentrates political power in an authority not responsible to the people
bureaucracy - a government that is administered primarily by bureaus that are staffed with nonelective officials
ancien regime - a political and social system that no longer governs (especially the system that existed in France before the French Revolution)
royal court, court - the sovereign and his advisers who are the governing power of a state
Downing Street - the British government
empire - a group of countries under a single authority; "the British created a great empire"
federal government - a government with strong central powers
government-in-exile - a temporary government moved to or formed in a foreign land by exiles who hope to rule when their country is liberated
local government - the government of a local area
military government, stratocracy - government by the military and an army
palace - the governing group of a kingdom; "the palace issued an order binding on all subjects"
papacy, pontificate - the government of the Roman Catholic Church
government department - a department of government
law-makers, legislative assembly, legislative body, legislature, general assembly - persons who make or amend or repeal laws
governance, governing body, organisation, administration, brass, establishment, organization - the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something; "he claims that the present administration is corrupt"; "the governance of an association is responsible to its members"; "he quickly became recognized as a member of the establishment"
executive - persons who administer the law
judiciary, bench - persons who administer justice
judicatory, judicial system, judiciary, judicature - the system of law courts that administer justice and constitute the judicial branch of government
pupet regime, puppet government, puppet state - a government that is appointed by and whose affairs are directed by an outside authority that may impose hardships on those governed
state - the group of people comprising the government of a sovereign state; "the state has lowered its income tax"
division - an administrative unit in government or business
state government - the government of a state in the United States
totalitarian state, totalitation regime - a government that subordinates the individual to the state and strictly controls all aspects of life by coercive measures
government officials, officialdom - people elected or appointed to administer a government
2.government - the act of governing; exercising authority; "regulations for the governing of state prisons"; "he had considerable experience of government"
land reform - a redistribution of agricultural land (especially by government action)
squandermania - prodigious squandering (usually by a government)
price-fixing - control (by agreement among producers or by government) of the price of a commodity in interstate commerce
social control - control exerted (actively or passively) by group action
misgovernment, misrule - government that is inefficient or dishonest
lawmaking, legislating, legislation - the act of making or enacting laws
trust busting - (law) government activities seeking to dissolve corporate trusts and monopolies (especially under the United States antitrust laws)
devolvement, devolution - the delegation of authority (especially from a central to a regional government)
destabilisation, destabilization - the action of destabilizing; making something less stable (especially of a government or country or economy)
protest march - occasion when you can express opposition by marching (usually on some government institution) without a license
government - (government) the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed; "tyrannical government"
political science, politics, government - the study of government of states and other political units
paternalism - the attitude (of a person or a government) that subordinates should be controlled in a fatherly way for their own good
manifesto, pronunciamento - a public declaration of intentions (as issued by a political party or government)
authorities, government, regime - the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit; "the government reduced taxes"; "the matter was referred to higher authorities"
event planner - someone who plans social events as a profession (usually for government or corporate officials)
bounty, premium - payment or reward (especially from a government) for acts such as catching criminals or killing predatory animals or enlisting in the military
zero coupon bond, zero-coupon bond - a bond that is issued at a deep discount from its value at maturity and pays no interest during the life of the bond; the commonest form of zero-coupon security
office, power - (of a government or government official) holding an office means being in power; "being in office already gives a candidate a great advantage"; "during his first year in office"; "during his first year in power"; "the power of the president"
anarchy, lawlessness - a state of lawlessness and disorder (usually resulting from a failure of government)
federal - characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is divided between one central and several regional authorities; "a federal system like that of the United States"; "federal governments often evolved out of confederations"
unitary - characterized by or constituting a form of government in which power is held by one central authority; "a unitary as opposed to a federal form of government"
3.government - (government) the system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed; "tyrannical government"
governing, government activity, government, governance, administration - the act of governing; exercising authority; "regulations for the governing of state prisons"; "he had considerable experience of government"
system of rules, system - a complex of methods or rules governing behavior; "they have to operate under a system they oppose"; "that language has a complex system for indicating gender"
4.government - the study of government of states and other political unitsgovernment - the study of government of states and other political units
bolt - a sudden abandonment (as from a political party)
politics - the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs
governing, government activity, government, governance, administration - the act of governing; exercising authority; "regulations for the governing of state prisons"; "he had considerable experience of government"
mandate - the commission that is given to a government and its policies through an electoral victory
patronage - (politics) granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
demonstration, manifestation - a public display of group feelings (usually of a political nature); "there were violent demonstrations against the war"
cabal, conspiracy - a plot to carry out some harmful or illegal act (especially a political plot)
social science - the branch of science that studies society and the relationships of individual within a society
geopolitics - the study of the effects of economic geography on the powers of the state
practical politics, realpolitik - politics based on practical rather than moral or ideological considerations
catechism - a series of question put to an individual (such as a political candidate) to elicit their views
nominating address, nominating speech, nomination - an address (usually at a political convention) proposing the name of a candidate to run for election; "the nomination was brief and to the point"
combination - an alliance of people or corporations or countries for a special purpose (formerly to achieve some antisocial end but now for general political or economic purposes)
Soviets - the government of the Soviet Union; "the Soviets said they wanted to increase trade with Europe"
civilization, civilisation - a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations); "the people slowly progressed from barbarism to civilization"
side - one of two or more contesting groups; "the Confederate side was prepared to attack"
assassin, assassinator, bravo - a murderer (especially one who kills a prominent political figure) who kills by a surprise attack and often is hired to do the deed; "his assassins were hunted down like animals"; "assassinators of kings and emperors"
muckraker, mudslinger - one who spreads real or alleged scandal about another (usually for political advantage)
fencesitter, independent, mugwump - a neutral or uncommitted person (especially in politics)
regular - a dependable follower (especially in party politics); "he is one of the party regulars"
coattails effect - (politics) the consequence of one popular candidate in an election drawing votes for other members of the same political party; "he counted on the coattails effect to win him the election"
war chest - a fund accumulated to finance a war (or a political campaign)
Sturm und Drang, upheaval, turbulence - a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally); "the industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence"

government

noun
1. administration, executive, ministry, regime, governing body, powers-that-be The Government has insisted that confidence is needed before the economy can improve.
2. rule, state, law, authority, administration, sovereignty, governance, dominion, polity, statecraft our system of government
Quotations
"Government is a contrivance of human wisdom to provide for human wants. Men have a right that these wants should be provided for by this wisdom" [Edmund Burke Reflections on the Revolution in France]
"As the happiness of the people is the sole end of government, so the consent of the people is the only foundation for it" [John Adams]
"The requisites of government are that there be sufficiency of food, sufficiency of military equipment, and the confidence of the people in their ruler" [Confucius Analects]
"In the long run every government is the exact symbol of its people, with their wisdom and their unwisdom" [Thomas Carlyle Past and Present]
"Government is either organized benevolence or organized madness" [John Updike Buchanan Dying]
"All government is evil, and the parent of evil ... The best government is that which governs least" [John L. O'Sullivan]
"It is perfectly true that that government is best which governs least. It is equally true that that government is best which provides most" [Walter Lippmann A Preface to Politics]
"Society in every state is a blessing, but government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state, an intolerable one" [Thomas Paine Common Sense]
"Any system of government will work when everything is going well. It's the system that functions in the pinches that survives" [John F. Kennedy Why England Slept]
"Nothing appears more surprising to those who consider human affairs with a philosophical eye, than the ease with which the many are governed by the few" [David Hume First Principles of Government]
"The worst thing in this world, next to anarchy, is government" [Henry Ward Beecher Proverbs from Plymouth Pulpit]
"Government does not solve problems; it subsidizes them" [Ronald Reagan Speaking My Mind]

Types of government

absolutismby an absolute ruler anarchyabsence of government aristocracyby nobility autarchy or autocracyby an unrestricted individual bureaucracyby officials communalismby self-governing communities constitutionalismaccording to a constitution corporatismby corporate groups democracyby the people despotismby a despot or absolute ruler diarchy or dyarchyby two rulers dictatorshipby dictator ergatocracyby the workers gerontocracyby old people gynaecocracy or gynarchyby women hagiocracy or hagiarchyby holy men heptarchyby seven rulers hexarchyby six rulers hierocracy or hierarchyby priests imperialismby an emperor or empire isocracyby equals meritocracyby rulers chosen according to ability mobocracyby the mob monarchyby monarch monocracyby one ruler nomocracyby rule of law ochlocracyby mob octarchyby eight rulers oligarchyby the few pantisocracyby all equally pentarchyby five rulers plutocracyby the rich pornocracyby whores ptochocracyby the poor quangocracyby quangos slavocracyby slaveholders squirearchy or squirarchyby squires stratocracyby the army technocracyby experts tetrarchyby four rulers theocracy or thearchyby a deity triarchyby three rulers tyrannyby a tyrant

government

noun
1. The continuous exercise of authority over a political unit:
2. A system by which a political unit is controlled:
3. Authoritative control over the affairs of others:
Translations
حُكْمحُكُومَةحُكومَهنِظام حُكْم
правителство
vládapanováníspráva
regeringstyreregere
hallitus
vlada
kormánykormányforma
stjórnarfarstjórnunstjórnvöld, ríkisstjórn
政府
정부
gubernatoriaus valdžiagubernatoriusgubernijavaldytojasvyriausybinis
pārvaldevaldībavaldības formavaldīšana
vlada
regering
รัฐบาล
chính phủ

government

[ˈgʌvnmənt]
A. N
1. (Pol) → gobierno m
the Labour Governmentel gobierno or la administración laborista
see also local C
2. (Gram etc) → régimen m
B. CPD [intervention, support, loan] → estatal, del estado; [responsibility, decision] → gubernamental, del gobierno
government body Nente m gubernamental or oficial
government bonds NPLbonos mpl del Estado
government department Nministerio m, departamento m gubernamental, secretaría f (Mex)
government expenditure N = government spending government grant Nsubvención f estatal
government health warning Nadvertencia f del Ministerio de Sanidad
Government House N (Brit) → palacio m del gobernador/de la gobernadora
government issue Npropiedad f del Estado
government policy Npolítica f gubernamental or del gobierno
government securities NPLbonos mpl del Estado
government spending Nel gasto público
government stock Nreservas fpl del Estado
government subsidy Nsubvención f estatal, subvención f del gobierno

government

[ˈgʌvərnmənt ˈgʌvərmənt]
n [country] → gouvernement m
to have experience of government (of being a minister)avoir une expérience en tant que ministre local government
modif [policy, agency, intervention, official] → du gouvernement

government

n
(= action of governing, body of administrators)Regierung f; strong government is difficult in a democracyes ist schwierig, in einer Demokratie mit fester Hand zu regieren; to form a governmenteine Regierung bilden
(= system)Regierungsform f attrRegierungs-, der Regierung; agencystaatlich; government officialRegierungsbeamter m/-beamtin f; government actionMaßnahmen plder Regierung; (= intervention)staatlicher Eingriff; government backingstaatliche Unterstützung; government interventionstaatlicher Eingriff

government

:
government department
nMinisterium nt
government grant
n(staatliche) Subvention
Government House
nGouverneursresidenz f
government loan
nStaatsanleihe f
government monopoly
government-run
adj television, newspaper etcstaatlich
government securities
plStaatsanleihen pl
government spending
government stocks
pl (Fin) → Staatspapiere or -anleihen pl

government

[ˈgʌvnmənt] ngoverno
local government → amministrazione f locale

government

(ˈgavəmənt) noun
1. the people who rule a country or state. the British Government.
2. the way in which a country or state is ruled. Democracy is one form of government.
3. the act or process of governing.
governmental (gavnˈmentl) adjective
ˈgovernor noun
1. in the United States, the head of a state. the Governor of Ohio.
2. a member of the committee of people who govern a school, hospital etc. He is on the board of governors.
3. a person who governs a province or colony.
ˈgovernorship noun

government

حُكُومَة vláda regering Regierung κυβέρνηση gobierno hallitus gouvernement vlada governo 政府 정부 overheid regjering rząd governo правительство regering รัฐบาล hükümet chính phủ 政府
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