Greenland

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Green·land

 (grēn′lənd, -lănd′)
An island in the northern Atlantic Ocean off northeast Canada. It is the largest island in the world and lies mostly within the Arctic Circle. Settled by the Norse between the 10th and the 15th century and by the Inuit beginning around the 10th century, Greenland became a Danish colony in the 18th century and was granted home rule in 1979. Nuuk (Godthåb) is the capital.

Green·land′ic (-lăn′dĭk) adj.
Word History: How did a glacier-covered island get the name Greenland? In Icelandic sagas written in the 12th century and later, it is told that Eric the Red explored the southeast and southwest coasts of Greenland in ad 983-986. He thought his fellow Icelanders would be more likely to go there if it had an attractive name, and he therefore called it Grænland, Icelandic for "Greenland." This was not exactly a case of false advertising. Greenland was warmer in the 10th century than it is now. There were many islands teeming with birds off its western coast, the sea was excellent for fishing, and the coast of Greenland itself had many fjords where anchorage was good. Moreover, at the head of the fjords there were enormous meadows full of grass, willows, junipers, birch, and wild berries. Icelanders set up colonies in Greenland that thrived for much of the next three hundred years. In the middle of the 14th century, however, the North Atlantic area began to cool significantly. The colonies began to die out, and they finally disappeared at the very beginning of the 15th century. Only the Inuit continued to live on the island as the climate grew progressively colder and the formerly green valleys of Greenland were covered by ice.

Greenland

(ˈɡriːnlənd)
n
(Placename) a large island, lying mostly within the Arctic Circle off the NE coast of North America: first settled by Icelanders in 986; resettled by Danes from 1721 onwards; integral part of Denmark (1953–79); granted internal autonomy 1979; mostly covered by an icecap up to 3300 m (11 000 ft) thick, with ice-free coastal strips and coastal mountains; the population is largely Inuit, with a European minority; fishing, hunting, and mining. Capital: Nuuk (Godthåb). Pop: 57 714 (2013 est). Area: 175 600 sq km (840 000 sq miles). Danish name: Grønland Greenlandic name: Kalaallit Nunaat

Green•land

(ˈgrin lənd, -ˌlænd)

n.
a self-governing island belonging to Denmark located NE of North America: the largest island in the world. 58,203; ab. 840,000 sq. mi. (2,175,600 sq. km); over 700,000 sq. mi. (1,800,000 sq. km) icecapped. Cap.: Godthåb.
Green′land•er, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Greenland - the largest island in the worldGreenland - the largest island in the world; lies between the North Atlantic and the Arctic Ocean; a self-governing province of Denmark
Thule - a town in northwestern Greenland; during World War II a United States naval base was built there
Arctic Ocean - ice covered waters surrounding the North Pole; mostly covered with solid ice or with ice floes and icebergs
Atlantic, Atlantic Ocean - the 2nd largest ocean; separates North and South America on the west from Europe and Africa on the east
subcontinent - a large and distinctive landmass (as India or Greenland) that is a distinct part of some continent
Translations
Grónsko
Grønland
Grönlanti
Grenland
グリーンランド
그린란드
Grönland
ประเทศกรีนแลนด์
đảo Greenland

Greenland

[ˈgriːnlənd] NGroenlandia f

Greenland

[ˈgriːnlənd] nGroenland m

Greenland

nGrönland nt

Greenland

[ˈgriːnlənd] nGroenlandia

Greenland

جرينلاند Grónsko Grønland Grönland Γροιλανδία Groenlandia Grönlanti Groenland Grenland Groenlandia グリーンランド 그린란드 Groenland Grønland Grenlandia Groelândia, Gronelândia Гренландия Grönland ประเทศกรีนแลนด์ Grönland đảo Greenland 格陵兰
References in classic literature ?
Then, again, if you fix your eye upon this strange, crested, comb-like incrustation on the top of the mass --this green, barnacled thing, which the Greenlanders call the crown, and the Southern fishers the bonnet of the Right Whale; fixing your eyes solely on this, you would take the head for the trunk of some huge oak, with a bird's nest in its crotch.
She's a public lunger or she wouldn't have been singing the Benedicite; and she's a Greenlander or she wouldn't have snow-blinds over her colloids," said George at last.
I might ask the same question about Finnish, Swedish, Welsh, Icelanders, Greenlanders and New Zealanders.
Unlike the 13th century Greenlanders who just picked up their valuables and moved, we don't all need to become migrants.
Roughly 80 Greenlanders are employed in the new ruby mine.
Greenland's 57,000 residents include about 7,000 Danes who moved here and live among Greenlanders, marry them and have Danish-Greenlandic children.
So piteraqs are well-known to Greenlanders, but they have not been well-studied by scientists.
The Greenlanders by Jane Smiley (Random House, 1988) Lately I've been reading lots of Icelandic sagas, which are a kind of medieval gossip detailing who killed who and why.
Greenland is the biggest island in the world with 57,000 inhabitants, with some 40,000 Greenlanders eligible to vote.
Greenland has the highest suicide rate in the world: One in five Greenlanders tries to commit suicide at some point in their lives.
The epidemic of depression and other psychological illnesses, the rampant alcoholism and drug use, and the tidal wave of suicides that plague the Greenlanders are not unique: almost all the aboriginal peoples of North America, and indeed elsewhere too, have elevated levels of these afflictions.
But Greenlanders are one of the few aboriginal societies on the planet that is dominant (almost 90 percent of the population) on a large territory: the world's biggest island.