Gregory XVI


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Noun1.Gregory XVI - Italian pope from 1831 to 1846Gregory XVI - Italian pope from 1831 to 1846; conservative in politics and theology; worked to propagate Catholicism in England and the United States (1765-1846)
References in classic literature ?
He did not then think of the Carnival, for in spite of his condescension and touching kindness, one cannot incline one's self without awe before the venerable and noble old man called Gregory XVI.
8) On May 8, 1844, Pope Gregory XVI issued a vehemently worded encyclical attacking the work of Protestant Bible societies and the ecumenical Evangelical Alliance, which Protestants had recently formed in England.
For example, writing in his first encyclical in 1832, Mirari Vos (On Liberalism and Religious Indifferentism), Gregory XVI denounced religious freedom as leading to "indifferentism" towards truth, stating, "[t]his shameful font of indifferentism gives rise to that absurd and erroneous proposition which claims that liberty of conscience must be maintained for everyone.
Pope Gregory XVI (1831-1846) was so impressed he gave him some of the remains of St Valentine.
In fact, he is the first member of a religious order to be elected Pope since the Benedictine Pope Gregory XVI (1831-46).
He is also the first member of a religious order to become pope since 1831, when the conclave elected Gregory XVI, a Camaldolese Benedictine monk.
In chapter two, "The Long Nineteenth Century (1789-1959)," he describes the confluence of factors that led up to the council, over and against the papacies of Gregory XVI (1831-46), Pius IX (1846-1878), Leo XIII (1878-1903), Plus X (1903-1914), Benedict XV (1914-1922), Pius XI (1922-1939), and Pius XII (1939-1959): revolutions, religious strife, loss of the Papal States, emergent democracies, rampant anti-clericalism, the Thomist revival, Rerum Novarum's social justice developments, Modernism, the Liturgical Movement, developments in biblical studies, a return to patristic sources in theology, the cataclysmic effects of two world wars, and the horrors of Shoah.
The Papal Order of St Gregory was founded by Pope Gregory XVI in 1831 and re-formed by Pope St Pius in 1905.
Pope Gregory XVI had gathered a crew of international students to test the skills of Giuseppe Mezzofanti, a 19th-century Italian cardinal who supposedly spoke as many as 60 languages, including Turkish, Hebrew, French, and Chinese.
After being forced to close the school from Rue de Beaux-Arts, whose director was Montalembert, they hopefully went to Rome to be judged by Pope Gregory XVI himself.
When the Camaldolese monk Bartolomeo Capellari became Pope Gregory XVI in 1830 he rewarded Austrian and Italian troops who had moved to put down revolutionary elements that had set up a provisional Government in his territory.
Pope Gregory XVI set up the Benemerenti medal in 1832.