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1. A country of northern Central America. The site of a Mayan civilization dating back to 1500 bc, the area was conquered by Spain in 1524. After independence was achieved (1821), Guatemala joined in a federation of Central American states (1825-1838) before becoming a separate republic in 1839. Guatemala is the capital and the largest city.
2. also Guatemala City The capital and largest city of Guatemala, in the south-central part of the country. Founded on its present site in 1776, it was rebuilt after major earthquakes in 1917 and 1918.
Gua′te·ma′lan adj. & n.
(Placename) a republic in Central America: original Maya Indians conquered by the Spanish in 1523; became the centre of Spanish administration in Central America; gained independence and was annexed to Mexico in 1821, becoming an independent republic in 1839. Official language: Spanish. Religion: Roman Catholic majority. Currency: quetzal and US dollar. Capital: Guatemala City. Pop: 14 373 472 (2013 est). Area: 108 889 sq km (42 042 sq miles)
Gua•te•ma•la(ˌgwɑ təˈmɑ lə)
1. a republic in N Central America. 12,335,580; 42,042 sq. mi. (108,889 sq. km).
2. Also called Gua′tema′la Cit′y. the capital of this republic. 1,500,000.
Gua`te•ma′lan, adj., n.
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|Noun||1.||Guatemala - a republic in Central America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; noted for low per capita income and illiteracy; politically unstable|
OAS, Organization of American States - an association including most countries in the western hemisphere; created in 1948 to promote military and economic and social and cultural cooperation
Central America - the isthmus joining North America and South America; extends from the southern border of Mexico to the northern border of Colombia
Fuego - a volcano in south central Guatemala
Guatemalan - a native or inhabitant of Guatemala
Guatemala[ˌgwɑːtɪˈmɑːlə] N → Guatemala f
Guatemala[ˌgwɑːtəˈmɑːlə] n → Guatemala m
n → Guatemala nt