Guillain-Barre syndrome


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Guillain-Barre syndrome: multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, Sjogren's syndrome

Guil·lain-Bar·ré Syndrome

 (gē-yăn′bə-rā′)
n.
A temporary inflammation of the nerves, causing pain, weakness, and paralysis in the extremities and often progressing to the chest and face. It typically occurs after recovery from a viral infection or, in rare cases, following immunization for influenza.

[After Georges Guillain (1876-1961) and Jean Alexandre , Barré (1880-1967), French neurologists.]

Guillain-Barré syndrome

(French ˌɡije ˈbareɪ)
n
(Pathology) an acute neurological disorder, usually following a virus or bacterial infection, that causes progressive muscle weakness and partial paralysis
[C20: named after Georges Guillain (1876–1961) and Jean Alexandre Barré (1880–1967), French neurologists]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Guillain-Barre syndrome - a form of peripheral polyneuritis characterized by pain and weakness and sometimes paralysis of the limbs; cause is unknown
multiple neuritis, polyneuritis - inflammation of many or all of the peripheral nerves (as in leprosy)
Translations

Guil·lain-Bar·ré syn·drome

n. Guillan-Barré, síndrome de, enfermedad neurológica rara que se evidencia por parálisis ascendente que comienza por las extremidades y puede llegar rápidamente a los músculos respiratorios en dos o tres semanas causando fallo respiratorio.
References in periodicals archive ?
Objective: To assess clinical presentations and subtypes of Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) in Pakistan.
I was diagnosed with Guillain-Barre Syndrome and given intravenous immunoglobulin to slow the paralysis.
Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is an uncommon autoimmune disorder characterized by progressive, bilateral weakness and diminished deep tendon reflexes due to peripheral nerve damage.
Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) is an acute, autoimmune, frequently severe, polyradiculoneuropathy.
Although neurologic complications of Zika virus infection are rare, Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is the most common manifestation and typically develops soon after the initial systemic manifestations of Zika virus infection.
Zika virus infection and Guillain-Barre syndrome, in which the body's immune system attacks the nerves, are "strongly associated," though more research is needed to determine if Zika is a cause of the condition, according to an article published in September in the New England Journal of Medicine.
In certain instances, however, it can also cause microcephaly in babies and Guillain-Barre Syndrome in other patients.
Within hours of him posting it on the video-sharing website hundreds of people had watched Craig Strike's film of his battle with Guillain-Barre Syndrome.
Researchers have found more evidence linking the mosquito-borne Zika virus to a neurological disorder known as Guillain-Barre syndrome, but proof of cause-and-effect remains elusive, a study said Wednesday.
Gemma, 32, from Vauxhall, has Guillain-Barre Syndrome and has to use a wheelchair or crutches to get around.
But researchers have found signs that Zika could also lead to memory and learning problems in adults, and temporary or permanent paralysis in adults, through a condition called Guillain-Barre Syndrome.