Guinea


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Guinea

Guin·ea

 (gĭn′ē)
1. A historical region of western and equatorial Africa extending along the coast from Gambia to Angola. Sections of the area from the Bight of Benin westward were known to early traders as the Slave, Gold, Ivory, and Grain Coasts.
2. A country of western Africa on the Atlantic Ocean. Inhabited by Fulani, Malinke, and Susu peoples, parts of present-day Guinea belonged to the medieval kingdom of Ghana and later to the Mali Empire. Explored by the Portuguese in the 1400s, it came under French control in the 1800s, becoming a part of French West Africa in 1895. Guinea gained its independence in 1958. Conakry is the capital and the largest city.

Guin′e·an adj. & n.

guin·ea

 (gĭn′ē)
n.
1.
a. A gold coin issued in England from 1663 to 1813 and worth one pound and one shilling.
b. The sum of one pound and one shilling.
2. Offensive Slang Used as a disparaging term for a person of Italian birth or descent.

[After the Guinea, coast of Africa, the source of the gold from which it was first made.]

guinea

(ˈɡɪnɪ)
n
1. (Currencies)
a. a British gold coin taken out of circulation in 1813, worth 21 shillings
b. the sum of 21 shillings (£1.05), still used in some contexts, as in quoting professional fees
2. (Animals) See guinea fowl
3. slang derogatory US an Italian or a person of Italian descent
[C16: the coin was originally made of gold from Guinea]

Guinea

(ˈɡɪnɪ)
n
1. (Placename) a republic in West Africa, on the Atlantic: established as the colony of French Guinea in 1890 and became an independent republic in 1958. Official language: French. Religion: Muslim majority and animist. Currency: franc. Capital: Conakry. Pop: 11 176 026 (2013 est). Area: 245 855 sq km (94 925 sq miles)
2. (Placename) (formerly) the coastal region of West Africa, between Cape Verde and Namibe (formerly Moçâmedes; Angola): divided by a line of volcanic peaks into Upper Guinea (between The Gambia and Cameroon) and Lower Guinea (between Cameroon and S Angola)
3. (Placename) Gulf of Guinea a large inlet of the S Atlantic on the W coast of Africa, extending from Cape Palmas, Liberia, to Cape Lopez, Gabon: contains two large bays, the Bight of Bonny and the Bight of Benin, separated by the Niger delta

Guin•ea

(ˈgɪn i)

n., pl. -eas for 4, 5.
1. a coastal region in W Africa, extending from the Gambia River to the Gabon estuary.
2. Formerly, French Guinea. an independent republic in W Africa, on the Atlantic coast. 7,538,953; ab. 96,900 sq. mi. (250,971 sq. km).Cap.: Conakry.
3. Gulf of, a part of the Atlantic Ocean that projects into the W coast of Africa and extends from Ivory Coast to Gabon.
4. (l.c.) a former money of account of the United Kingdom, equal to 21 shillings: still used in quoting fees or prices.
5. (l.c.) a gold coin of Great Britain issued 1663–1813, worth 21 shillings.
Guin′e•an, adj., n.

Guinea

A fowl somewhat smaller than a chicken that was sometimes raised, along with chickens, to be eaten. Guinea eggs are smaller than those of chickens, and guineas are wilder than chickens.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.guinea - a former British gold coin worth 21 shillings
coin - a flat metal piece (usually a disc) used as money
2.Guinea - (ethnic slur) offensive term for a person of Italian descent
derogation, disparagement, depreciation - a communication that belittles somebody or something
ethnic slur - a slur on someone's race or language
jargon, lingo, patois, argot, vernacular, slang, cant - a characteristic language of a particular group (as among thieves); "they don't speak our lingo"
Italian - a native or inhabitant of Italy
3.Guinea - a republic in western Africa on the AtlanticGuinea - a republic in western Africa on the Atlantic; formerly a French colony; achieved independence from France in 1958
capital of Guinea, Conakry, Konakri - a port and the capital of Guinea
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Niger, Niger River - an African river; flows into the South Atlantic
Guinean - a native or inhabitant of Guinea
4.Guinea - a west African bird having dark plumage mottled with whiteguinea - a west African bird having dark plumage mottled with white; native to Africa but raised for food in many parts of the world
domestic fowl, fowl, poultry - a domesticated gallinaceous bird thought to be descended from the red jungle fowl
genus Numida, Numida - guinea fowl
guinea hen - female guinea fowl
guinea hen - flesh of a guinea fowl (especially of hens)
Translations
Guinea
Guinea
Guinea
Gvineja
Guinea
ギニア
기니
Guinea
ประเทศกินี
nước Guinea

Guinea

[ˈgɪnɪ]
A. NGuinea f
B. CPD guinea fowl Ngallina f de Guinea, pintada f
guinea pig Ncobayo m, cobaya f, conejillo m de Indias, cuy m (Andes, S. Cone) (fig) → conejillo m de Indias

guinea

[ˈgɪnɪ] N (Brit) (formerly) → guinea f (= 21 chelines)

Guinea

[ˈgɪni] n
Republic of Guinea → République f de Guinée, Guinée f

guinea

[ˈgɪni] n (British) (formerly) (= coin) → guinée f (= 21 shillings: cette monnaie de compte ne s'emploie plus)Guinea-Bissau [ˌgɪnibɪˈsaʊ] nGuinée-Bissau fguinea-fowl [ˈgɪnifaʊl] [guinea-fowl] (pl) npintade fguinea pig n
(= animal) → cochon m d'Inde
(= person) → cobaye m
to be a human guinea pig → être un cobaye humain

Guinea

nGuinea nt

guinea

n (Brit old) → Guinee f, → Guinea f (21 Shilling)

guinea

:
guinea fowl
nPerlhuhn nt
guinea pig
nMeerschweinchen nt; (fig)Versuchskaninchen nt

Guinea

[ˈgɪnɪ] n Republic of Guineala Repubblica di Guinea

guinea

[ˈgɪnɪ] n (Brit) (old) → ghinea21 shillings

Guinea

غينيا Guinea Guinea Guinea Γουινέα Guinea Guinea Guinée Gvineja Guinea ギニア 기니 Guinea Guinea Gwinea Guiné Гвинея Guinea ประเทศกินี Gine nước Guinea 几内亚
References in classic literature ?
Laurence, who was considered their special patron, to the astonished guinea pig, who had strayed from its proper sphere in search of its young master.
In the road before the house a flock of chickens, accompanied by two guinea hens, lay in the deep dust.
There's fresh sassafras boughs for the ladies to sit on, which may not be as proud as their my-hog-guinea chairs, but which sends up a sweeter flavor, than the skin of any hog can do, be it of Guinea, or be it of any other land.
Indeed, so far as its physical aspect is concerned, with its flat, unvaried surface, covered chiefly with wooden houses, few or none of which pretend to architectural beauty -- its irregularity, which is neither picturesque nor quaint, but only tame -- its long and lazy street, lounging wearisomely through the whole extent of be peninsula, with Gallows Hill and New Guinea at one end, and a view of the alms-house at the other -- such being the features of my native town, it would be quite as reasonable to form a sentimental attachment to a disarranged checker-board.
A stately squadron of snowy geese were riding in an adjoining pond, convoying whole fleets of ducks; regiments of turkeys were gobbling through the farmyard, and Guinea fowls fretting about it, like ill-tempered housewives, with their peevish, discontented cry.
No: because the mails are very irregular between here and New Guinea.
And this, good friends, is ambergris, worth a gold guinea an ounce to any druggist.
I think there is nothing more pathetic than to see one of these poor old childless couples taking a menagerie of yelping little worthless dogs to their hearts; and then adding some cursing and squawking parrots and a jackass-voiced macaw; and next a couple of hundred screeching songbirds, and presently some fetid guinea pigs and rabbits, and a howling colony of cats.
Weston's sonbut lay out half a guinea at Ford's, and your popularity will stand upon your own virtues.
This parlour is not his sphere," I reflected: "the Himalayan ridge or Caffre bush, even the plague-cursed Guinea Coast swamp would suit him better.
Clare; "but I think I have got a guinea about the house somewhere; and I'll lay you that guinea Frank comes back on our hands like a bad shilling.
Cruncher made the observation to his next neighbour, and added, "I'd hold half a guinea that HE don't get no law-work to do.