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1. A historical region of western and equatorial Africa extending along the coast from Gambia to Angola. Sections of the area from the Bight of Benin westward were known to early traders as the Slave, Gold, Ivory, and Grain Coasts.
2. A country of western Africa on the Atlantic Ocean. Inhabited by Fulani, Malinke, and Susu peoples, parts of present-day Guinea belonged to the medieval kingdom of Ghana and later to the Mali Empire. Explored by the Portuguese in the 1400s, it came under French control in the 1800s, becoming a part of French West Africa in 1895. Guinea gained its independence in 1958. Conakry is the capital and the largest city.
Guin′e·an adj. & n.
a. A gold coin issued in England from 1663 to 1813 and worth one pound and one shilling.
b. The sum of one pound and one shilling.
2. Offensive Slang Used as a disparaging term for a person of Italian birth or descent.
[After the Guineacoast of Africa, the source of the gold from which it was first made.]
a. a British gold coin taken out of circulation in 1813, worth 21 shillings
b. the sum of 21 shillings (£1.05), still used in some contexts, as in quoting professional fees
2. (Animals) See guinea fowl
3. slang derogatory US an Italian or a person of Italian descent
[C16: the coin was originally made of gold from Guinea]
1. (Placename) a republic in West Africa, on the Atlantic: established as the colony of French Guinea in 1890 and became an independent republic in 1958. Official language: French. Religion: Muslim majority and animist. Currency: franc. Capital: Conakry. Pop: 11 176 026 (2013 est). Area: 245 855 sq km (94 925 sq miles)
2. (Placename) (formerly) the coastal region of West Africa, between Cape Verde and Namibe (formerly Moçâmedes; Angola): divided by a line of volcanic peaks into Upper Guinea (between The Gambia and Cameroon) and Lower Guinea (between Cameroon and S Angola)
3. (Placename) Gulf of Guinea a large inlet of the S Atlantic on the W coast of Africa, extending from Cape Palmas, Liberia, to Cape Lopez, Gabon: contains two large bays, the Bight of Bonny and the Bight of Benin, separated by the Niger delta
n., pl. -eas for 4, 5.
1. a coastal region in W Africa, extending from the Gambia River to the Gabon estuary.
2. Formerly, French Guinea. an independent republic in W Africa, on the Atlantic coast. 7,538,953; ab. 96,900 sq. mi. (250,971 sq. km).Cap.: Conakry.
3. Gulf of, a part of the Atlantic Ocean that projects into the W coast of Africa and extends from Ivory Coast to Gabon.
4. (l.c.) a former money of account of the United Kingdom, equal to 21 shillings: still used in quoting fees or prices.
5. (l.c.) a gold coin of Great Britain issued 1663–1813, worth 21 shillings.
Guin′e•an, adj., n.
A fowl somewhat smaller than a chicken that was sometimes raised, along with chickens, to be eaten. Guinea eggs are smaller than those of chickens, and guineas are wilder than chickens.
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||guinea - a former British gold coin worth 21 shillings|
coin - a flat metal piece (usually a disc) used as money
|2.||Guinea - (ethnic slur) offensive term for a person of Italian descent|
ethnic slur - a slur on someone's race or language
jargon, lingo, patois, argot, vernacular, slang, cant - a characteristic language of a particular group (as among thieves); "they don't speak our lingo"
Italian - a native or inhabitant of Italy
|3.||Guinea - a republic in western Africa on the Atlantic; formerly a French colony; achieved independence from France in 1958|
Africa - the second largest continent; located to the south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
Guinean - a native or inhabitant of Guinea
|4.||guinea - a west African bird having dark plumage mottled with white; native to Africa but raised for food in many parts of the world|
domestic fowl, fowl, poultry - a domesticated gallinaceous bird thought to be descended from the red jungle fowl
guinea hen - female guinea fowl
guinea hen - flesh of a guinea fowl (especially of hens)
Republic of Guinea → République f de Guinée, Guinée f
guinea[ˈgɪni] n (British) (formerly) (= coin) → guinée f (= 21 shillings: cette monnaie de compte ne s'emploie plus)Guinea-Bissau [ˌgɪnibɪˈsaʊ] n → Guinée-Bissau fguinea-fowl [ˈgɪnifaʊl] [guinea-fowl] (pl) n → pintade fguinea pig n
(= animal) → cochon m d'Inde