Atyrau

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A·ty·rau

or A·ti·rau  (ä′tē-rou′)
A city of western Kazakhstan at the mouth of the Ural River on the Caspian Sea. Founded in 1645 as a military outpost, it was a fishing port until the development of the region's petroleum resources in the 1930s. The city was named Guryev until 1992.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) is delighted to announce that Sergei Guriev is to be its new Chief Economist.
Djankov took over Sergei Guriev, who resigned and fled Russia amidst a trial related to former oil giant YUKOS launched by "experts" who called into question the sentence of ex-YUKOS chair Mikhail Khodorkovsky.
NATO's toppling of the Libyan leader Muammar Qaddhafi, the Arab Spring and the Moscow street protests that followed rattled Putin, said Sergei Guriev, the noted Russian economist now based in Paris.
Sergei Guriev, Sciences Po (Paris), and Daniel Treisman, University of California, Los Angeles, and NBER, "How Modern Dictators Survive: Co-optation, (Censorship, Propaganda, and Repression" (NBER Working Paper No.
In previous columns I used Guriev and Treisman's framework to explain the utilization of information by authoritarian regimes.
He turned out to be Andrey Guriev, a Russian billionaire, businessman and a former Senator.
Sergei Guriev, a former rector of the New Economic School in Moscow, is a professor of economics at Sciences Po in Paris.
In addition, some scholars point out that autocrats allow a relatively open press to monitor lower-level bureaucrats in order to reduce corruption (Liebman 2011; Lorentzen forthcoming; Shirk 2011) or reward compliance (Egorov, Guriev, and Sonin 2009).
Emerson (2006) finds some empirical evidence supporting the hypothesis that competition and corruption are negatively related; while Guriev (2004) suggests that the cost of red tape and the burden of regulations, faced by firms, increases with the incidence of corruption.
In and of itself it will not change anything but it will give hope to investors," prominent economist Sergei Guriev, who co-authored a critical report on Khodorkovsky's second conviction in 2010, told AFP by e-mail.
Sergei Guriev is one of the most talented of Russia's new-generation economists.
But investors, worried by the slow pace of privatisation and the flight from Russia of a liberal economist Sergei Guriev after pressure from state prosecutors, were not convinced.