In the late 1990s, GURTs, nicknamed 'terminator' technology, were conceived by companies to protect their commercial interests and intellectual property rights in GM crops.
Environmental concerns about the cross-pollination of GM crops have led to renewed interest in using GURTS so that any resulting seed would be sterile, but at present the technology is not used or ready for use.
It wasn't made clear in previous discussions about GURTS that in conventional agriculture farmers buy new seeds every year as standard practice, and are usually tied to a supplier for each season's seeds.
In their most common form, GURTs are a kind of anti-germinating, self-sterilizing seed, which are unable to reproduce after one growing season.
Finally, following an analysis of the means by which farmers and biotechnology companies inefficiently use litigation to pursue their goals, this note argues for the use of GURTs as a solution to the problem of social cost in a GMO context.
35) This section first examines how the development of GURTs has led to increased regulation.
37) In essence, GURTs have the potential to extend intellectual property protection beyond the length provided by statute.
The threats associated with GURTs specifically include many of the same risks posed by GMOs in general.
Because GURTs are a subset of GMOs, any proposal for the regulation of GURTs should be made within the context of the existing regulatory framework governing GMOs.
Any proposal for a liability regime addressing harm resulting from GURTs must include an analysis of marginal benefits and costs.
SEEDS OF HOPE: GURTs AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO A LIABILITY REGIME