Gustav Robert Kirchhoff

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Noun1.Gustav Robert Kirchhoff - German physicist who with Bunsen pioneered spectrum analysis and formulated two laws governing electric networks (1824-1887)
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Nearly two centuries have elapsed since Gustav Kirchhoff formulated his Law of Thermal Emission [1,2].
The 20-year-old economics student, who cut his teeth at pub quizzes in the North East, got the chance to show off his knowledge of Shakespeare, palaeontology and German scientist Gustav Kirchhoff.
By cosmic coincidence, 2009 is also the sesquicentennial of astrophysics, a subfield born when Gustav Kirchhoff announced to the Berlin Academy, on 1859 October 27, that spectral lines are the unique optical signatures of chemical elements--and, moreover, that such could reveal the make-up of the untouchable Sun and stars.
But it wasn't until two centuries later that Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff revealed how the chemical composition of the Sun is imprinted in the very light it emits.
the following year, and then went to the University of Heidelberg in Germany until April 1873 to study with Robert Wilhelm Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff, who jointly developed the method of spectroscopy.
In 1860, Robert Bunsen and Gustav Kirchhoff demonstrated how they could identify useful elements such as iron, copper and lead, or sodium and potassium, in potential ores, by the colors that powdered specimens sprinkled into a Bunsen burner flame produced.