Haber-Bosch process


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Haber-Bosch process

 (hä′bər-bôsh′)
[After Fritz Haber and Karl Bosch (1874-1940), German chemist.]
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Noun1.Haber-Bosch process - an industrial process for producing ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen by combining them under high pressure in the presence of an iron catalyst
industrial process - a systematic series of mechanical or chemical operations that produce or manufacture something
References in periodicals archive ?
The well-established haber-bosch process allows transformation of dinitrogen into ammonia (nh3) at the industrial scale through heterogeneous catalysis, But it is an energy-demanding process (1-2% of the world~s annual energy consumption).
For his role in theoretically imagining a route for nitrogen fixation, something every chemist knows as the Haber-Bosch process (realized first by English chemist Robert Le Rossignol), Fritz Haber won the 1918 Nobel Prize for Chemistry.
At the turn of the 20th century, Karlsruhe Technical University Professor Fritz Haber and BASF Chemical Engineer Carl Bosch developed and gave scale to the Haber-Bosch process synthesizing ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen, producing nitrogen fertilizer for use in agriculture.
For example, the invention of the Haber-Bosch process allowing the conversion of atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia for use as fertiliser has altered the global nitrogen cycle so radically that the nearest suggested geological comparison was -2.
100 years ago, the development of the Haber-Bosch process for synthesizing ammonia pushed industrial society into new ecological territory.
One of the most influential factors in the historical grain yield increase was the application of artificial ammonia-based fertilizer through a process invented by Fritz Haber, commonly known as the Haber-Bosch process.
Inorganic fertilizer is often synthesized using the Haber-Bosch process, which produces ammonia as the end product.
Karl Bosch engineered a large scale plant based on the reaction and the Haber-Bosch process is still the basis for industrial ammonia production.