46) Moreover, aside from the title "rabbi," these rabbinic figures also employed the appellation hakham
, or "sage.
175-180 and Amos Hakham
, Da'at Mikra--Esther (Jerusalem: Mossad HaRav Kook, 1990) pp.
Karaite religious scholar and hakham
Yosef Aljamil, who has spent much of his life studying the Codex and other Karaite manuscripts, says, "It's part of our lives, a glorious part of which we are proud.
Once there, he studied under the community's first Hakham
(Rabbi), Isaac Uziel, a North African native, from whom Aboab learned both Hebrew and poetics.
He described the hakham
as someone "who walks the via media, the golden mean, not too humble and not too arrogant, not too generous but not too stingy":
After the Farhood, Hakham
(rabbi) David ben Hakham
Yosef Hayim (the Ben Ish Hai) called for slihot every Monday and Thursday to pray for the Jews of Europe and, in particular, of Poland.
Nessah Synagogue, the most prominent Persian synagogue in Beverly Hills, was founded in 1980 as a congregation in exile led by the son of Hakham
Yedidia Shofet, the chief rabbi of Tehran and scion of a rabbinic dynasty that stretches back 12 generations.
From this talmudic passage the Hakham
Tsvi, in his responsum 93, rules that a human being is defined as such only if he ever "visited" a woman's womb.
In diverse Japanese, Indian or Jewish traditions, for instance, the terms for this guiding person are respectively roshi, guru, hakham
, all approximately meaning 'sage, respected wise teacher'.
Labriola, "Jewish Christianity in Milton's Paradise Lost: The Son as Angel of the Lord"; Amnon Raz-Krakozkin, "From Safed to Venice: The Shulhan 'Arukh and the Censor"; Boaz Huss, "The Text and Context of the 1684 Sulzbach Edition of the Zohar"; Matt Goldish, "Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy in the 1689 London Sermons of Hakham
Solomon Aailion"; Michael N.
("sage," meaning "Rabbi") and expatriate Spaniard Immanuel Aboab (1555-1628) articulated an official, pious contempt toward border-crossers when he wrote the following indictment in a letter to converso leaders in France between 1626 and 1627:
However, Jewish and Muslim miracle-workers, talmid hakham
and talib Hazzan and marabout, khettat 'scribe' of both faiths, all operate in accordance with the same principles, use the same practices, in the name of God or Allah.