Dressed in a kimono and tight heavy obi (sash), her heavily powdered face looking unfamiliar to her in the mirror, Nikki danced with solemn concentration: "On top of I he weight of my attire, I feel the burden of my responsibility as a Japanese girl to make a good impression on the hakujin
, the white folks who are better than us.
Yet unlike their Hakujin
(12) friends and neighbours, the girls and women were somewhat troubled by their place in a world which was clearly demarcated by geographic, as well as cultural boundaries and markers.
To them he was not and would never be considered a Hakujin
(white person) and hence not wholly American according to the common conception.
This difference between her and nisei such as her husband draws the couple apart; as outraged as Yano is by his wife's affair with another man, his pain is all the more compounded because he is a hakujin
, one of those he feels condemned him and his immigrant community to second-class status.