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Any of a genus of single-stranded RNA viruses carried by rodents that cause disease in humans, especially a type of hemorrhagic fever that involves kidney failure (known as hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome) and a severe respiratory disease (known as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome).

[After the Hantan River, South Korea (near the village where researchers trapped the field mouse from which the first hantavirus was isolated and identified as the cause of disease outbreaks in the area since the 1950s).]


(Pathology) any one of a group of viruses that are transmitted to humans by rodents and cause disease of varying severity, ranging from a mild form of influenza to respiratory or kidney failure
[C20: from Hanta(an), river in North and South Korea where the disease was first reported + virus]


(ˈhɑn təˌvaɪ rəs, ˈhæn-)
n., pl. -rus•es.
any of several viruses of the family Bunyaviridae, spread chiefly by wild rodents, that cause acute respiratory illness, kidney failure, and other syndromes.
[1975–80; after the Hantaan River in Korea, near which the virus first afflicted Westerners in the 1950s]
han`ta•vi′ral, adj.


n hantavirus m
References in periodicals archive ?
Moore and her colleagues also reported on the first successful use of ECLS in a pregnant patient at their own institution with life-threatening hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome.
Rapid presumptive diagnosis of hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome by peripheral blood smear review.
For infectious diseases, the targeted culprits are West Nile virus, Lyme disease, dengue fever, coccidioidomycosis, and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome.
Infection of humans with hantaviruses induces 2 severe diseases: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) [4] and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS).
Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) is caused by infection with New World hantaviruses.
The genus Hantavirus, family Bunyaviridae, contains human pathogenic viruses that cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (1).
Because cardiac insufficiency, leading to cardiac failure and death, can be prominent in severe cases, many investigators and clinicians refer to the disease as hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (8,9).
Hantaviruses cause 2 acute diseases: hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS).