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Any of a genus of single-stranded RNA viruses carried by rodents that cause disease in humans, especially a type of hemorrhagic fever that involves kidney failure (known as hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome) and a severe respiratory disease (known as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome).

[After the Hantan River, South Korea (near the village where researchers trapped the field mouse from which the first hantavirus was isolated and identified as the cause of disease outbreaks in the area since the 1950s).]


(Pathology) any one of a group of viruses that are transmitted to humans by rodents and cause disease of varying severity, ranging from a mild form of influenza to respiratory or kidney failure
[C20: from Hanta(an), river in North and South Korea where the disease was first reported + virus]


(ˈhɑn təˌvaɪ rəs, ˈhæn-)
n., pl. -rus•es.
any of several viruses of the family Bunyaviridae, spread chiefly by wild rodents, that cause acute respiratory illness, kidney failure, and other syndromes.
[1975–80; after the Hantaan River in Korea, near which the virus first afflicted Westerners in the 1950s]
han`ta•vi′ral, adj.


n hantavirus m
References in periodicals archive ?
Owing to the severity of Hantavirus infections, there is an urgent need for rapid diagnostic tests that can be easily conducted and used in field conditions.
Hantavirus infections are one of the 5 most common notifiable viral diseases in Germany, along with norovirus infections, hepatitis C, influenza, and rotavirus infections (7).
Hantavirus infections are rare in the UK although they can cause very serious infections in people who are exposed and are susceptible.
In total, 552 clinical specimens from suspected hantavirus infections in humans and mice sent to the German Consultant Laboratory for Hantavirus Infections (Institute of Virology, Charit6 Berlin), including serum and urine, were treated for RNA preparation as described below for cell culture supernatant.
Hantavirus infections usually occur when humans inhale contaminated rodent excreta.
If confirmed, the findings would have their greatest significance in China and Korea, where hantavirus infections are most common, Glass says.
In the Netherlands, hantavirus infections have been reportable since December 2008, although voluntary laboratory surveillance has been in place since 1989.
Recent recognition of RIOMV as a causative agent of HPS might be attributed to either increased awareness by local physicians or improved diagnosis of hantavirus infections.
No hantavirus infections were reported among [approximately equal to] 2,800 NPS and contract employees who worked in Yosemite during the outbreak period.
Through a review of literature and data from the hantavirus surveillance registry of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, Georgia, USA, we have summarized the spectrum and distribution of human hantavirus infections in the United States through July 9, 2013.
MRL was among the first laboratories in the world to develop testing capabilities for a number of diseases, including Lyme disease, human parvovirus B19 infection, Chlamydia pneumoniae and hantavirus infections.
She is especially interested in diagnosis, epidemiology, and prevention of hantavirus infections and emerging diseases.