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Any of a genus of single-stranded RNA viruses carried by rodents that cause disease in humans, especially a type of hemorrhagic fever that involves kidney failure (known as hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome) and a severe respiratory disease (known as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome).

[After the Hantan River, South Korea (near the village where researchers trapped the field mouse from which the first hantavirus was isolated and identified as the cause of disease outbreaks in the area since the 1950s).]


(Pathology) any one of a group of viruses that are transmitted to humans by rodents and cause disease of varying severity, ranging from a mild form of influenza to respiratory or kidney failure
[C20: from Hanta(an), river in North and South Korea where the disease was first reported + virus]


(ˈhɑn təˌvaɪ rəs, ˈhæn-)
n., pl. -rus•es.
any of several viruses of the family Bunyaviridae, spread chiefly by wild rodents, that cause acute respiratory illness, kidney failure, and other syndromes.
[1975–80; after the Hantaan River in Korea, near which the virus first afflicted Westerners in the 1950s]
han`ta•vi′ral, adj.


n hantavirus m
References in periodicals archive ?
Twenty-year summary of surveillance for human hantavirus infections, United States.
However, unlike leptospirosis, hantavirus infections are never mild or asymptomatic, and all result in severe illnesses ranging from hemorrhagic fevers to hemorrhagic fevers with renal or cardiopulmonary failure with high case fatality rates (36%-76%).
Hantavirus infections are rare in the UK although they can cause very serious infections in people who are exposed and are susceptible.
Continued focus on host ecology such as movement patterns and habitat selection may help rectify our currently incomplete understanding of transmission and persistence of hantavirus infections in wild host populations.
The United States typically sends over $7 million to fight Hantavirus infections annually (funds through the CDC).
In total, 552 clinical specimens from suspected hantavirus infections in humans and mice sent to the German Consultant Laboratory for Hantavirus Infections (Institute of Virology, Charit6 Berlin), including serum and urine, were treated for RNA preparation as described below for cell culture supernatant.
Hantavirus infections usually occur when humans inhale contaminated rodent excreta.
LISBON -- Clinically moderate to severe hantavirus infections are invariably characterized by a distinctive pattern of serum lipid changes, reported Dr.
Epizootiology of hantavirus infections in Baltimore: isolation of a virus from Norway rats and characteristics of infected rat populations.
If confirmed, the findings would have their greatest significance in China and Korea, where hantavirus infections are most common, Glass says.
Hantavirus Infections among Overnight Visitors to Yosemite National Park, California, USA, 2012
In the past, HPS has been nationally notifiable, but hantavirus infections not complicated by the pulmonary syndrome were not.