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Related to Hantaviruses: Korean hemorrhagic fever, Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome


Any of a genus of single-stranded RNA viruses carried by rodents that cause disease in humans, especially a type of hemorrhagic fever that involves kidney failure (known as hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome) and a severe respiratory disease (known as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome).

[After the Hantan River, South Korea (near the village where researchers trapped the field mouse from which the first hantavirus was isolated and identified as the cause of disease outbreaks in the area since the 1950s).]


(Pathology) any one of a group of viruses that are transmitted to humans by rodents and cause disease of varying severity, ranging from a mild form of influenza to respiratory or kidney failure
[C20: from Hanta(an), river in North and South Korea where the disease was first reported + virus]


(ˈhɑn təˌvaɪ rəs, ˈhæn-)
n., pl. -rus•es.
any of several viruses of the family Bunyaviridae, spread chiefly by wild rodents, that cause acute respiratory illness, kidney failure, and other syndromes.
[1975–80; after the Hantaan River in Korea, near which the virus first afflicted Westerners in the 1950s]
han`ta•vi′ral, adj.


n hantavirus m
References in periodicals archive ?
Hantaan is one of several so-called hantaviruses causing a spectrum of acute hemorrhagic fevers in Asia and parts of Europe.
Hantaviruses (family Bunuyaviriade, genus Hantavirus) are primarily rodent-borne pathogens that are a suspected cause of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in Eurasia (1).
Hantaviruses are transmitted in rodent feces with the predominant rodent carrier in the HAARDS outbreak being the deer mouse.
Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS) is caused by infection with New World hantaviruses.
To the Editor: Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is an acute, severe, frequently fatal disease associated with cardiopulmonary failure; it is caused by hantaviruses naturally hosted by wild rodents.
Pleasanton, CA, USA), targeting the small (S) segment RNA from North American hantaviruses, was used on RNA samples extracted from fixed tissues.
Hantaviruses are enveloped, tripartite, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses belonging to the genus Hantavirus, family Bunyaviridae.
Hantaviruses are enveloped viruses with a single-stranded 3-segmented RNA genome of negative polarity.
The subsequent discovery of a new disease, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) (1), its etiologic agent, Sin Nombre virus (SNV) (2), and its rodent reservoir, the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) (3), were among the most prominent findings in a flood of new revelations about hantaviruses in the Americas.
Members of the the Sigmodontinae subfamily serve as rodent reservoirs of hantaviruses, and persons become infected mainly through inhaling rodent secretions and aerosolized excreta (3-5).
Hantaviruses are enveloped RNA viruses carried by rodents and insectivore species.
To the Editor: Compelling evidence of genetically distinct hantaviruses (family Bunyaviridae) in multiple species of shrews and moles (order Soricomorpha, families Soricidae and Talpidae) across 4 continents (1-7) suggests that soricomorphs, rather than rodents (order Rodentia, families Muridae and Cricetidae), might be the primordial hosts (6,7).