(redirected from Hantaviruses)
Also found in: Medical, Encyclopedia.


Any of a genus of single-stranded RNA viruses carried by rodents that cause disease in humans, especially a type of hemorrhagic fever that involves kidney failure (known as hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome) and a severe respiratory disease (known as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome).

[After the Hantan River, South Korea (near the village where researchers trapped the field mouse from which the first hantavirus was isolated and identified as the cause of disease outbreaks in the area since the 1950s).]


(Pathology) any one of a group of viruses that are transmitted to humans by rodents and cause disease of varying severity, ranging from a mild form of influenza to respiratory or kidney failure
[C20: from Hanta(an), river in North and South Korea where the disease was first reported + virus]


(ˈhɑn təˌvaɪ rəs, ˈhæn-)
n., pl. -rus•es.
any of several viruses of the family Bunyaviridae, spread chiefly by wild rodents, that cause acute respiratory illness, kidney failure, and other syndromes.
[1975–80; after the Hantaan River in Korea, near which the virus first afflicted Westerners in the 1950s]
han`ta•vi′ral, adj.


n hantavirus m
References in periodicals archive ?
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome is an emerging infectious disease caused by New World hantaviruses (family Hantaviridae) and transmitted by rodents of the family Cricetidae (1).
Hantaviruses cause a highly fatal cardiopulmonary syndrome in the Americas and a less fatal, but more prevalent, hemorrhagic fever with renal complications in Europe and Asia.
Hantaviruses are a genus within the Bunyaviridae family that can cause HPS, a rare and sometimes fatal respiratory disease in humans.
Hantaviruses cause a significant number of human illnesses, making them a global public health threat.
Hantaviruses (family Bunyaviridae, genus Hantavirus) have emerged as an important rodent-borne zoonosis that is distributed globally (Jonsson et al.
The keywords included hantavirus, New World hantaviruses, American hantaviruses, Sin nombre virus, Bayou virus, Black Creek Canal virus, hantavirus pulmonary syndrome; Leptospira interrogans, leptospirosis, Weil's disease; infectious disease outbreaks, climatic factors, and rodent-borne.
Blood samples collected from the specimens were tested for evidence of IgG antibodies to New World hantaviruses and arenaviruses.
Researchers in Argentina have made positive efforts to further understanding of the molecular biology and epidemiology of hantaviruses and have discovered new ones, such as the Andes virus (13-18).
Hantaviruses are cosmopolite anthropozoonosis considered to be an emerging disease.
Although human cases of HPS have yet to be reported in Missouri, previous studies have established that white-footed mice and prairie voles are naturally associated with hantaviruses in northeastern and central Missouri.
Hantaviruses have been linked to Hemorrhagic Fever with Renal Syndrome (HFRS) and Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS).