Hawthorne effect


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Related to Hawthorne effect: placebo effect, Hawthorne studies

Hawthorne effect

(ˈhɔːˌθɔːn)
n
(Sociology) improvement in the performance of employees, students, etc, brought about by making changes in working methods, resulting from research into means of improving performance. Compare iatrogenic, placebo effect
[from the Western Electric Company's Hawthorne works in Chicago, USA, where it was discovered during experiments in the 1920s]
References in periodicals archive ?
The manual methods of direct observation (DO) and secret shoppers still remain the primary methods used to measure and report hand hygiene compliance, while approximately 90 percent of respondents believe that the Hawthorne Effect over-inflates compliance rates.
Only electronic monitoring captures 100 percent of hand hygiene events, provides real-time data, and eliminates the Hawthorne Effect of individuals exhibiting their best behavior because they know they are being monitored.
New coverage also includes consideration of bullying, the new concept of "emerging adulthood," the Hawthorne effect, Veblen's concept of conspicuous consumption, and the influence of global outsourcing.
As the authors point out, "simply observing people or otherwise making them feel special can be suggestive," a phenomenon termed the Hawthorne effect.
3) It may be possible that the Hawthorne effect was present in the Colorado study of administrative segregation.
Cox attributed the improvement in the comparator group to their participation in the study, a Hawthorne effect, especially because ANCHOR received a lot of media attention in Nova Scotia.
According to the Hawthorne effect, such an approach should facilitate increased productivity and achievement (Jones, 2007).
That implied connection between attention and positive results is now commonly known as the Hawthorne effect (Adair 1984).
The Hawthorne effect can be simply described as 'the laying on of hands'.
The Hawthorne effect may have explained part of the improvement.