Hawthorne effect


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Related to Hawthorne effect: placebo effect, Hawthorne studies

Hawthorne effect

(ˈhɔːˌθɔːn)
n
(Sociology) improvement in the performance of employees, students, etc, brought about by making changes in working methods, resulting from research into means of improving performance. Compare iatrogenic, placebo effect
[from the Western Electric Company's Hawthorne works in Chicago, USA, where it was discovered during experiments in the 1920s]
References in periodicals archive ?
When occupants become aware of being monitored, they may change their natural behaviors towards social desirability and researchers' expectations, known as the Hawthorne effect (McCambridge et al.
While the Hawthorne effect has been considered in many studies (McCambridge, Witton, & Elbourne, 2014), Burge et al.
But compare Wikipedia: "The Hawthorne effect (also referred to as the observer effect) is a type of reactivity in which individuals modify an aspect of their behavior in response to their awareness of being observed.
Hand hygiene compliance measurements have been studied and methods have been proposed to alleviate concerns associated with interobserver variation, sampling bias, and the Hawthorne effect (9).
Whichever it may be, these rates are higher than usual in our practice, which raises the possibility of the incidences reported being due to the Hawthorne effect (a psychological factor involved in human research in which subjects of the study modify their behavior or modify the variable that is measured because they know they are part of a study, rather than being secondary to the manipulation of the studied variable), (7) however, it could really be of the reported magnitude.
The Hawthorne Effect suggests that people whose dogs are enrolled in an experimental trial may behave differently with their dogs because they know they are enrolled in a trial that is measuring many aspects of the dog's life.
2) The Hawthorne effect (also referred to as the observer effect) refers to a phenomenon whereby workers improve or modify an aspect of their behaviour in response to the fact of change in their environment rather than in response to the nature of the change itself.
New coverage also includes consideration of bullying, the new concept of "emerging adulthood," the Hawthorne effect, Veblen's concept of conspicuous consumption, and the influence of global outsourcing.
As the authors point out, "simply observing people or otherwise making them feel special can be suggestive," a phenomenon termed the Hawthorne effect.
3) It may be possible that the Hawthorne effect was present in the Colorado study of administrative segregation.
Cox attributed the improvement in the comparator group to their participation in the study, a Hawthorne effect, especially because ANCHOR received a lot of media attention in Nova Scotia.