My mother's grandfather had first come to Vancouver as a construction worker over a century ago, but was forced to return to China after 10 years because Canada's discriminatory head tax
(a policy under which Chinese immigrants were charged $500) meant his wife couldn't join him.
Such texts could provide opportunities for students to critically examine and challenge the dominant narrative by including examples of historical injustice such as Africville, the Chinese Head Tax
and Exclusion Act, Indian residential schools, the Komagata Maru incident, the internment of Japanese-Canadians, and Canada's refusal to accept Jewish refugees fleeing the Holocaust during the Second World War, among other incidents, or by including contemporary voices of those who experience racism and injustice.
Metics, the overwhelming majority of whom were Greek, even those valued for their skill in the crafts, trades or professions, were nevertheless registered, controlled, charged a monthly head tax
, expected to serve support roles in the military, and were required to be associated with an Athenian patron.
But the appeals court found that the arts tax can't be described as a poll or head tax
, because many Portlanders are exempt from it.
It was a wonderful achievement for her to get to the position of head tax
collector considering her background.
86) A 1779 Connecticut statute imposed a head tax
and required that the following items be wrapped into the ratable estate: land, improvements to land, cattle, horses, swine, ships and other vessels, coaches and other vehicles, clocks and watches, silver plate, all individual net wealth exceeding 50 [pounds sterling] (
I speak, of course, of the head tax
that was imposed on Chinese immigrants to this country, as well as the other restrictive measures that followed.
In our industry, it's not uncommon to still have directors of tax be the head tax
In the head tax
collector's former office, which was used for filming in the TV series Foyle's War, can be seen the intricately carved fireplace featuring the Admiralty flag.
It draws on records from the Chinese Head Tax
levied from early Chinese immigrants, specifically the data on immigrant origins and destination, revealing interesting patterns.
The head tax
is thought to be objectionably regressive.
He also became Moderator of the 20th General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in Canada in 1894 and was one of the few Canadians to speak out against the head tax
on Chinese immigrants.