April 9, 2012 /PRNewswire/ --Scientific Certification Systems (SCS) has announced its certification of the Australian Heard Island
and McDonald Islands (HIMI) Patagonian toothfish fishery under the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) standard for sustainable fisheries.
To most people a solo sailing, kayaking and climbing trip to Heard Island
, a barren volcanic rock around 2000 nautical miles southwest of Fremantle, is not a tempting proposition - but for CYCA member Daniel Kelton, it's a lifetime ambition.
The fleet continued to make its way across the Southern Ocean and around the South Pole, led by Dick who reached the Heard Island
, which is located about two-thirds of the way from Madagascar to Antarctica.
In the summer of 2003 the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD) conducted an ambitious ecosystems study of the key predators that breed on sub-Antarctic Heard Island
, their prey and the regional ocean environment.
Bouvet Island, for example, lies 4,430 km from Heard Island
, but they share 30 percent of their moss species, 29 percent of their liverworts, and 32 percent of their lichens.
Mackerel Icefish operates off the coasts of Heard Island
and McDonald Islands and is under the direct management of the Australia Fisheries Management Authority
This enabled him last November to undertake a visit to Heard Island
and some of the other more remote islands of the South Indian Ocean.
Research has shown that Brown Glacier on subantarctic Heard Island
is retreating rapidly.
The group successfully tested this idea from Heard Island
off Antarctica in 1991 (SN: 1/26/91, p.
John Davis of the Australian Fisheries Management Authority said that the Australian Government is pursuing all legal avenues available to at least control toothfish pirating in the Heard Island
and MacDonald Island fisheries.
While many scientists have experimented with sending sounds through the ocean, Munk and his colleagues performed the most ambitious test of this concept two years ago, when they emitted a low-frequency hum from Heard Island
, in the southern Indian Ocean (SN: 1/26/91, p.
and Australian researchers tested the idea in late January during a trial experiment near remote Heard Island
in the Antarctic Ocean.