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An ancient city of south-central Italy on the Bay of Naples. A popular resort during Roman times, it was completely destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius (ad 79). Important ruins have been unearthed since the early 1700s.


(Placename) an ancient city in SW Italy, of marked Greek character, on the S slope of Vesuvius: buried along with Pompeii by an eruption of the volcano (79 ad). Excavation has uncovered well preserved streets, houses, etc


(ˌhɜr kyəˈleɪ ni əm)

an ancient city in SW Italy, on the Bay of Naples: buried along with Pompeii by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in A.D. 79.
Her`cu•la′ne•an, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Herculaneum - ancient cityHerculaneum - ancient city; now destroyed    
Italia, Italian Republic, Italy - a republic in southern Europe on the Italian Peninsula; was the core of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire between the 4th century BC and the 5th century AD
References in classic literature ?
After what Amy would call Herculaneum efforts, in the way of mental and moral agriculture, my young ideas begin to shoot and my little twigs to bend as I could wish.
He loved the old rumbling and jolting carts, the former track of which he still found in his long-buried remembrance, as the observer of to-day finds the wheel-tracks of ancient vehicles in Herculaneum.
In various enchanted attitudes, like the standing, or stepping, or running skeletons in Herculaneum, others remained rooted to the deck; but all their eyes upcast.
Not far from these, we must find room for one whose success has been of the wrong kind; the man who should have lingered in the cloisters of a university, digging new treasures out of the Herculaneum of antique lore, diffusing depth and accuracy of literature throughout his country, and thus making for himself a great and quiet fame.
Rome [by rail], Herculaneum, Pompeii, Vesuvius, Vergil's tomb, and possibly the ruins of Paestum can be visited, as well as the beautiful surroundings of Naples and its charming bay.
and perhaps Birmingham); model gondolas from Venice; model villages from Switzerland; morsels of tesselated pavement from Herculaneum and Pompeii, like petrified minced veal; ashes out of tombs, and lava out of Vesuvius; Spanish fans, Spezzian straw hats, Moorish slippers, Tuscan hairpins, Carrara sculpture, Trastaverini scarves, Genoese velvets and filigree, Neapolitan coral, Roman cameos, Geneva jewellery, Arab lanterns, rosaries blest all round by the Pope himself, and an infinite variety of lumber.
3), representing 'Death' in juxtaposition with 'Life': the living symbolised by a fresco fragment of a couple carousing, and a carbonised little dining table from Herculaneum, very like one shown in the fresco, laden with drinking vessels and good cheer.
00 Life and death in Pompeii & Herculaneum Departs 13 July 2013 2 days from PS99.
00 Life & death in Pompeii & Herculaneum Departs 12 May, 13 Jul & 25 Aug 2013 Pompeii and Herculaneum, buried by volcanic ash for nearly 1,700 years, are the subject of a fascinating new exhibition featuring the life of the people who lived in these ill-fated cities.
The company will also discontinue operating its Herculaneum smelter by the end of 2013, rather than in 2016 as required by state regulation for sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions.