amyloid

(redirected from Hereditary amyloidosis)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.
Related to Hereditary amyloidosis: Hereditary hemochromatosis, ATTR amyloidosis

am·y·loid

 (ăm′ə-loid′)
n.
1. A starchlike substance.
2.
a. An insoluble, fibrous structure consisting chiefly of an aggregation of proteins arranged in beta sheets, forming extracellular deposits in organs or tissues and characteristic of certain diseases such as Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease.
b. The substance that makes up such a structure.
adj.
1. Starchlike.
2. Being or related to proteinaceous amyloid: amyloid plaque.

amyloid

(ˈæmɪˌlɔɪd)
n
1. (Biochemistry) pathol a complex protein resembling starch, deposited in tissues in some degenerative diseases
2. any substance resembling starch
adj
starchlike

am•y•loid

(ˈæm əˌlɔɪd)

n.
1. a waxy, translucent substance, composed primarily of protein fibers, that is deposited in various organs of animals in certain diseases.
2. a nonnitrogenous food consisting esp. of starch.
adj.
3. of, resembling, or containing amylum.
[1855–60]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.amyloid - a non-nitrogenous food substance consisting chiefly of starch; any substance resembling starch
amylum, starch - a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers and stiffeners for paper and textiles
2.amyloid - (pathology) a waxy translucent complex protein resembling starch that results from degeneration of tissue
pathology - the branch of medical science that studies the causes and nature and effects of diseases
protein - any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes; "a diet high in protein"
Adj.1.amyloid - resembling starch
starchy - consisting of or containing starch; "starchy foods"
Translations

am·y·loid

n. amiloide, proteína que se asemeja a los almidones;
___ degenerationdegeneración ___;
___ diseaseenfermedad ___;
___ kidneyriñón ___;
___ nephrosisnefrosis ___.
References in periodicals archive ?
Systemic amyloidosis can be further divided either by precursor proteins (of which 25 precursor proteins have been currently identified) or by the older classification into hereditary amyloidosis (including familial Mediterranean fever (AA, AF)), primary (idiopathic) systemic amyloidosis (AL) and secondary (reactive) systemic amyloidosis (AA) as a reaction to an underlying inflammatory condition.
The four major types include immunoglobulin (primary) amyloidosis, reactive (secondary) amyloidosis, beta-2 microglobulin amyloidosis and hereditary amyloidosis.
Biochemical and molecular genetic characterization of a new variant prealbumin associated with hereditary amyloidosis.

Full browser ?